Effects Of The Third Ecumenical Council On The Representation Of Marian Doctrine
2135 Words Nov 11th, 2016 9 Pages
According to Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia (2014), an ecumenical council was “assembly convened to deliberate and decide on ecclesiastical doctrine and on other matters affecting the interests of the Christian church.” In the Early church, ecumenical councils were called to discuss and expound upon the doctrine being formed within the church. They centered around heresy and sought to promote sound doctrine. Doctrine, then, led to practice. The third ecumenical council affected the practices of the fifth-century church, especially relating to its architecture and hymnography.
In order to understand the third ecumenical council, a brief overview of the first two, the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople, was required. The Council of Nicaea condemned Arius, a man who claimed that the nature of Christ was finite and lesser than Christ (Arius, 2016). The next council, that of Constantinople, condemned the heresy of Macedonius, which viewed the Holy Spirit as a power of God and inferior to the Father and Son (Simonetti, 2006, 808). Essentially, both defined the nature of Christ and the Trinity and removed heresies from the church. Unfortunately, the controversy surrounding the nature of Christ did not dissipate but instead lead into the Council of Ephesus. In fact, not only Jesus’ nature but also that of his mother’s…