Effects Of The Byzantine Empire

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In 476 C.E., the Roman Empire collapsed due to barbarians establishing their kingdoms on Roman territory. The Roman Empire expanded so largely that it was difficult to rule the land, causing lack of communication throughout the land, in addition to internal conflict. The once Roman Empire split into 2 parts: Eastern and Western Europe. Between 476 and 1200 C.E. in Europe, the Eastern Empire started to slowly thrive and flourish due to the access of trading routes, whereas Western Europe undergoed chaos and more invasions, caused by the lack of political unity. The Schism of 1054 caused the churches to split, because of different beliefs of who should be the head of the church. But despite this split, Christianity remained prominent throughout …show more content…
Eastern Europe was known as the Byzantine Empire, one that would last for thousands of years. Emperor Constantine I moved the Roman capital to the East, the city of Byzantium, later called Constantinople. It was there where the Empire started to flourish because of its location. Constantinople was located in the center of many trade routes, such as the Silk Road and the Indian Ocean Trade Route. The city was connected from various locations, such as central Asia to the Middle East, to Europe. Due to its positioning near the water as well, Constantinople was a well known trade center. The exchanging of goods brought wealth to the city, and ultimately, to the Byzantine empire as well. The East began to prosper more than ever, ensuring the power of the empire. The West, however, was the part that experienced the actual “fall” of Rome. The West was open to several invasions, since there was no political unity. In 476 C.E., the Odoacer, a barbarian tribe leader, invaded the city of Rome and proceeded to take control. He forced the emperor of Rome to give up his throne, allowing the tribe to now settle in and take over Rome. Soon after, what is now known as the Dark Ages occurred, where Western Europe undergoed chaos and more invasions, caused by the …show more content…
Christianity continuously played a prominent role between 476 and 1200 C.E. in Europe. Charlemagne was the King of the Franks, a Germanic tribe, ruling from 771 to 814 C.E. He effectively took over Western Europe, as he was an efficient military leader. Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was a follower of Christianity, which played a key role in the spread of the religion during the time period. When conquering others, he forced his people to convert to Christianity and practice the faith, thus, further spreading the religion. Charlemagne was crowned a Roman emperor in 800 C.E., where in his rule, he continued to encourage the conversion to his faith and ensure the survival of the religion. Moreover, Christianity appealed to many of those in Europe, such as women. Women converted to this religion because some aspects allowed them to have more freedom than before. For many Christians, it was important to regain the control over the Holy Land from the Muslims, resulting in the Crusades. The Crusades were several wars between Christian Europeans and Muslims; their sole purpose was to have authority of Jerusalem and the Holy Land during the Middle Ages. The First Crusade involved the Muslims taking control of Jerusalem, but previously, Christians were allowed to visit the city. However, when the Arabs took authority in 1070 C.E., Christians were refused access to the

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