Effects Of The Black Plague On Europe

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The Black Plague, also known as the Black Death, was declared as the “Greatest Catastrophe ever” (Benedictow). This disease swept over all of Europe and wiped out about one third of the population. This disease and its affects have been one of the biggest in history. The plague spread rapidly as it could be transmitted from person to person. The disease forever changed Europe’s history and population. The Black Death had huge effects on Europe based on how it spread, what the disease entailed, and its after-effects. Before the Black Plague even began there were other factors that contributed to the decline in population. In 1000-1300 AD the European population had outrageously doubled leaving the food production industry crashing. They …show more content…
The Black Plague stemmed from China, and can be tracked to the Crimean Port for exchanged goods on the Black Sea. Before leaving port disease infested rats covered in fleas achieved to board the boat. After the boat arrived in Europe the plague spread to the people. The disease soon contaminated the air and water wells, this allowed few in the cities and Europe to escape it. Those who had the disease could never survive and were most of the time never even buried, as everyone else around was also sick or had left so they would not catch the plague. The communities were split into two the sick and the uninfected. The sick were treated as, “the enemy to avoid at all costs… People went as far as to abandon their own brothers, sisters, spouses, and even children if it meant a chance for survival” (Dunn 38). This disease created a serious divide in all of Europe. The mentality was truly every man for himself. The Black Plague’s symptoms and affect on people was horrific. There were multiple different strains of the plague: one the Bubonic strain, which was not as deadly and contagious. The second strain is the pneumonic strain; this strain heavily affected the person’s lungs causing them to spread the disease …show more content…
There was also a lengthy list of other symptoms, “Chroniclers of the day listed the various symptoms of the illness such as difficulty breathing, spitting up blood, and the appearance of boils and dark patches on the skin. Oftentimes, the plague was accompanied with encephalitis or inflammation of the brain” (McGill). Some victims died in as soon as a few hours after contracting these symptoms, and others only survived six-seven days. The bubonic plague also attacked the lymphatic system and gave symptoms such as: fever, headache, chills, weakness, and swollen painful lymph glands. The pneumonic strain included chest pain, shortness of breath, and blood and or watery mucus. Unfortunately there was not a lot that doctors could do. Due to how airborne the disease was it was hard for those to be treated as they would spread it to whoever was treating them. Most cases led to death within just a few days. Other cases lasted longer but not much longer than a few weeks before the victims died. The Plague’s after effects were almost as disastrous as the disease itself. It brought division, abandonment, and loss of many lives. Families were separated into those who were

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