Effects Of Substance Exposure Effects On Human Development

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Introduction Anthony, Austin, and Cormier (2010), authors of “Early Detection of Prenatal Substance Exposure and the Role of Child Welfare,” studied the risks of prenatal substance exposure, issues with testing and the roles of the child welfare system. Anthony et al. (2010) explain that substance exposure creates a public health problem and affects several agencies such as child welfare. Substance abuse has an unfavorable effect on child development that could be decreased by early detection and prevention. They have created credible means for assessing substance abuse which can be performed in a reasonable amount of time with limited training, but there are obstacles in screening, such as, physicians wanting to protect the patients right …show more content…
Substance Exposure effects on Human Development The presence of substance use during the prenatal period has long- lasting developmental effects on children and are dependent on the circumstances, such as the amount of exposure, and how long it was used along with poor maternal nutrition and lack of prenatal care. Babies exposed to drugs before birth will likely face complications, such as low birth weight, born premature, seizures, behavioral problems, cognitive defiance’s, suffer from withdrawal, attachment disorders, and poor physical growth, just to name a few (Anthony, Austin, and Cormier, 2010). The second trimester is a crucial developmental period, during this time the brain is rapidly developing. Hutchison (2013) points out that “prematurity is the leading cause of illness and death in obstetrics” (p.413). Low birth weight babies …show more content…
Different states have developed different policies: only 16 states consider substance abuse during the prenatal period child abuse, only 14 states require health professionals to report it and 4 states to screen for drugs if they suspect use and 19 states fund treatment for pregnant women (Anthony et al., 2010). The federal Adoption and Safe Families Act encouraged the role of child welfare’s involvement and the Child and Family Reviews wants assessment and referrals. In 2003 an amendment was made to Child Abuse and Prevention Act which required a response to infants who have been exposed to drugs and encouraged early detection, however, it does not mandate testing or screening (Anthony et al.,

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