Effects Of Slavery During The 1790s

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As early as the 1700 's slaves were common in the United States; they usually worked as farm hands in order to grow tobacco and indigo. They were not present in huge numbers before the 1790 's, and there was even a trend towards states banning or limiting the slave trade before that time. Slaves were separated from their families, which led to many families never seeing each other again. The people who defended and explained how slavery was not a cruel act were considered pro-slavery. They often used various techniques to defend why slavery is not morally wrong. The abolitionist were those who wanted slavery abolished. Abolitionist wanted slaves to be free and have the same rights as everybody. ‘What happened during the 1790 's?’ you ask. …show more content…
Abolitionists ranged from priest to blacks who was not necessarily free. One notable slave was Nat Turner; he was a gifted preacher and believed he was destined to 'lead his people out of bondage '. In 1831, during a solar eclipse he and about 80 of his followers attacked four plantations and killed nearly 60 whites before being captured. Turner hid out for several weeks but was eventually captured, tried and hung. Yet this did not end the retaliations, white southerners proceeded to kill around 200 blacks, many of them having nothing at all to do with the uprising. Turner’s Rebellion and other revolts added to the slave owner’s belief in the need to control their slaves. They believed privilege and education inspired revolt, so many slave owners pressured the states to tighten restrictions on African Americans. These restrictions became known as the ‘slave codes’. They varied from state to state, for example in some states blacks lost the right to purchase alcohol, own property or work independently as carpenters or blacksmiths. Another prominent African American in the abolitionist movement was Frederick Douglas, who after a disagreement with his owner, ran away to New York. After his escape, Douglas started lecturing at the American Anti-Slavery Society, attracting huge audiences, and gathering a lot of support. Among the supporters of emancipation were some who believed the freed slaves should be sent back to Africa, back from whence they came. This was called the 'Back to Africa Movement ' or ' Colonization Movement '. The American Colonization Society was directly related to these movements, its members ranged from abolitionists, who believed the slaves had the right to their own country, to slave holders, who feared free slaves in America. Yet they were united by a common purpose: the transport of freed slaves back to

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