Prisonization And Recidivism

Improved Essays
Prisonization and Recidivism Rates
In our society, prison is used as a hidey hole for ‘unwanted’ people. The system that we have set up is not designed to rehabilitate members of society, it is designed to keep undesirables out of the way. It’s time that we as a society begin to think of prison a teaching experience as equally as a punishment. Prison recidivism rates can be significantly reduced by steps to counteract prisonization.
A widely held anthropological theory is that in order for society to function correctly, things must be divided into categories. One of these categories is that of ‘others’, or those deemed taboo by mainstream society. Prisoners fall into this category. Despite advances in civil rights, members of the lower class
…show more content…
The process of prisonization includes some or all of the following psychological adaptations: dependence on institutional structure and the relinquishment of autonomy; hypervigilance, interpersonal mistrust, and suspicion; emotional over-control, alienation, and psychological distancing; social withdrawal and isolation; incorporation of exploitative norms of prison culture; diminished sense of self-worth and personal value; and posttraumatic stress reactions to the pains of …show more content…
Prisoners that leave the prison walls suddenly find themselves having to make every decisis ion on their own when before they were expected to follow directions implicitly. The factors that push people into the prison system in the first place ensure that they will never truly leave. It’s a vicious cycle. People who are already at a disadvantage are disproportionately targeted, and then stripped of what few resources they had. When they leave, they have lost an important piece of their survival skills. They often turn to drugs or crime, the same coping mechanisms that may have worked for them in prison. This only reinforces the stigma that the outside world has about prisoners, because they look at the people coming out and see the hopeless cases they were expecting. We need to stop setting people up for failure.
We need to implement a therapeutic model of prisons. The mainstream view of prison is a place to ‘put’ people until they are ‘better’. The reality of the situation is that these inmates are not going to get better on their own. We need to lift the taboo on inmates and bring their problems to light as the problems of our society as a

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Funds are used to keep them fed and their living spaces secure from any dangerous materials. Once they are out of prison and learn nothing, they become an unproductive citizen on the streets. What does this lead to? Crime, of course. I may sound full of myself, but if a criminal does not know how to really get a job and fit back into society, they feel they have to resort to what they know how to do, and that is what got them sent to prison.…

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Leaving Prison Essay

    • 933 Words
    • 4 Pages

    So why sending criminals to prison? we should know that they have done a crime, under some circumstances, like psychological or sociological effect.Yet, being an ex-offender is associated with negative stigmas, no one of us will be able to figure out their past until they share it with us. By carrying the label of “ex-offender” for the rest of their lives can be also a negative affect to them; that they feel different from other people. I would call them after being release “re-born.” Yes, they have done an egregious thing in their life, so that is what the Criminal Justice system send them to…

    • 933 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Automatic loss of the civil, political, economic and social rights in case of imprisonment. Scholar George Bernard Shaw in his work The Crime of Imprisonment one of the first argued that despite on the fact society as such has right to self-defense it does not mean that society has right to punish everybody. George Shaw insisted on the fact that level on the crime in society is showing level of the sickness of society. If follow this theory, it is better to work with whole society and improve sense of morality and common well-being instead of concentration on committed crimes. This lead to question – how to affect on prisoners in order to minimize the cases of reoffending and improve their rehabilitation in society.…

    • 443 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The entire book by Michelle Brown is directed towards a very distinct population. This book looks at different aspects of prison, but the main emphasis is on those who have no direct contact to prisons, but have influence over their policies. This books focus is to get the attention of the people, the large population that only sees prison life from a far and those who do not even consider it, and make the realize what is going on in our country. This idea is explained as social distance, it is the distance the people are from the relationship of the penal arm of the state and the punished. More plainly, it is motivated by the effects of mass incarceration and the peoples lack of empathy towards the imprisoned population.…

    • 1792 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    However, a prison reform is just the beginning; society must begin to change.Upon their release, society’s treatment of prisoner is an aid to their return to prison. Ex-inmates are still treated as criminals and are not given the second chance they earned. And, while these factors are to blame, so is the criminal lifestyle. Prison is a part of the lifestyle and this mentality is destructive (Carlie). Together these factors encourage recidivism and create more…

    • 2434 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    These problems are produced from a disconnection of the prisoner to society. Many things become lost or taken away once an offender is incarcerated. Family members may distance themselves from the offender, which may create self-esteem issues, resulting in the offender to seek unlawful coping mechanisms such as drugs or…

    • 1299 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Placing an inmate in solitary confinement and keeping them isolated from others is a good method to get them to understand that the choices they make in and out of prison, good or bad, will have consequences. “Prison administrators place inmates in solitary confinement for breaking prison rules, for getting involved in fights, for involvement in prison gang activity or behave poorly in prison, or are unable to understand or follow prison regulations due to a mental illness.” (Solitary Confinement: Should U.S.). Most of the time the inmates in solitary confinement act out violently and irrationally. Some of them act out because of a mental illness. These actions cause them to be punished in order to keep the prison guards and other inmates safe.…

    • 1770 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Prison served the purpose of removing the deviant sects of society and enforcing surveillance on the group in hopes they would self-regulate. Foucault’s main concern was the possibility that prison mentality would spread to wider society – surveillance and segregation would become the norm. Contrastingly, Durkheim held a move favourable view of the prison system. By punishing deviant acts and utilising the harsh sanction of prison, Durkheim believed that values and an appropriate moral standard would be reinforced on society. Essentially, Durkheim believed that prison helped shape society in dictating between right and wrong.…

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    America 's prisons have been known as a school to educate prisoners for them to be better citizens and learn from their mistakes. “It stands to reason: Take a group of people, strip them of possessions and privacy, expose them to constant threats of violence, overcrowd their cell- block, deprive them of meaningful work, and the result is an embittered underclass more intent on getting even with society than contributing to it” (Redburn). Prisons can make non-violent criminals into actual violent criminals. For example, they take the nonviolent offender and make him a hardened killer. America sooner or later has to realize that what…

    • 1113 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Incarceration, sanctions and control, community programs, and treatment are the four main approaches to the punishment and rehabilitation of offenders. Prisons are designed to remove the offender from society, restricting civil freedoms, and limiting the individual’s capability to make liberated decisions (Schmalleger, 2014). Although incarceration is one of the most severe punishments, the other methods also implement similar traits to incarceration. Sanctions and community programs offer limitations to the offender creating a prison without incarceration. The offender may not be locked in a cell but they are subjected to strict guidelines offering a controlled rehabilitation process.…

    • 832 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics