Popular Music And Working Memory Study

Improved Essays
This aim of this study was to see if music affected the learning process of individuals. Researchers examined if the semantic aspect of music was disrupted, using a verbal and a spatial memory task. The participants in this study consisted of 46 undergraduate volunteers, 21 men, 26 women, with ages raging from 18-23. Eleven to twelve participants were assigned to four different conditions, one with no music, one with natural sound, and one with instrumental music, and one with vocal music. There were three tasks the participants had to complete, one was a verbal memory task, one was a spatial memory task, and one was a mental arithmetic task. For the verbal memory task participants were shown five patterns with four words presented for 4 seconds …show more content…
My experiment focused on the effect of popular music on working memory, long term memory, and short term memory. This study focused on working memory and verbal memory and found significance in music’s effect on verbal memory but not spatial memory, which is concurrent with the results of my study. My study did not find significance in music effecting memory. We did not test verbal memory but we tested working memory, which is part of spatial memory. I can add the results of this study into my introduction and discussion. In my introduction I can add it to help support the negative effects of music, saying that popular music has a negative impact on verbal memory because it affects the phonological loop, which is concurrent with another study I found. I can use them both to support that fact that lyrical music interferes with the processing of other information. I can also discuss this in my discussion of why my results were not significant. While we tested lyrical, popular music on memory, we did not use words for every condition and so therefore the music may not have interfered with the processing of information in the brain. I can also use this study as support for my limitations, this study also only tests young adults such as college students. I discuss how music can be beneficial to Alzheimer’s patients but studies tend to focus on the impact of music on studying habits and so forth on young adults but do not include older adults in their study and can therefore not generalize the results to all individuals because memory is an inconsistent factor and certainly differs with age and subject

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Through the classical music test, comprehension was hindered a little bit, but not to the extent that it was during the lyrical music tests. Lyrical music, whether it be songs one enjoys or dislikes, serves as a distraction to the learning process and did not appear to improve comprehension in any way. Various academic experiments conducted in the past further prove the idea of background music being a distraction which negatively effects cognitive ability. In accordance with these studies, if students are looking for an adequate method for studying and increasing comprehension, they should do so in a noise free location or utilize the Mozart effect and listen to calm classical music. Cognitive ability is drastically decreased by the listening of any lyrical music, which deems it ineffective in improving comprehension and should not be listened to during study sessions.…

    • 1636 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    The first question will ask if they have any previous conditions that made them feel they performed poorly while playing simon. For Example ADD,ADHD, head injuries, alzheimer 's, dementia, short-term memory loss, etc. We have decided to ask this to make sure that our sample size is not swayed by another condition since we are looking for the average person with no memory problems. If a participant answers yes to this question we will not include their results in our study. Secondly we will have each participant rate the music they listened to, if applicable.…

    • 1534 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This result could have occurred because most of the female participants didn’t listen to music while completing educational tasks and most of the male participants expressed that the tasks were hard when they first started to read the text, with the music playing, but later they tuned the music out. However, this technique was not the case for most of the participants. According to the results, it suggests that there is no significant effect of distraction and gender on attention and memory. Literature shows that studies have yielded different and conflicting findings, directing that reading and listening to music is a complex topic to study. According to Johansson et al.…

    • 1100 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Auditory Memory

    • 1920 Words
    • 8 Pages

    In the lab, the child was measured on the amount of time they focused on the area the music was being played from. Each trial ended when the infant looked away for at least two seconds. The next trial occurred then including the next melody. Each melody was played five times for each child, and each time was recorded for each melody. Twenty trials were conducted per child and measure of preference of melody was relative to the amount of time they spent listening to the melody.…

    • 1920 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Visual Agnosia The textbook defined visual Agnosia as an impairment in object recognition which can be caused by brain damage. Visual Agnosia is a brain disease that has no cure. In the video, Kevin talked about his issue of visual Agnosia. Kevin can identify colors, faces such as his children’s pictures but can’t be able to locate an object. Kevin plays guitar, he cannot read music but know how to construct music by listening to it and reconnect it with his guitar.…

    • 789 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Rhythmic Music Therapy

    • 1105 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Although the journal does admit to quite a bit of short term improvement, it seems that they did not have enough participants from all groups to recommended this therapy yet, and suggested “further high quality studies are needed before recommendations for clinical practice can be made.” This final journal “Music therapy in physical medicine and rehabilitation” is a coverall of almost all types of music therapy with various types of rehabilitation cases. The section “Use of Music in Brain Injury Rehabilitation” goes a little further into a separate study regarding rhythmic auditory cueing as well. The study mentioned here focused more on the effect of balance and stability, and the improved stamina withheld with a patient’s practices. Patients went through a similar type of therapy as mentioned before, but after…

    • 1105 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The commission error was calculated for the response of the participants for No-go stimuli. .The commission error for No-go trials while listening to Jazz music and performing the task was 0.66% and it was 3.56% when performing the task in silence. Moreover, the commission error for No-go trials while listening to Indian Classical instrument and performing the task was 0.44% and it was 2.3% when performing the task in silence. The result indicates that while performing the task in silence, the participant responded more to the No-go trials (Figure 7a and 7b). Insert Figure 7a and 7b This specifies that the failure to withhold the response to the incorrect answer was more while performing the task in silence as compared to performing the task while listening to Jazz music and an Indian Classical instrument.…

    • 1345 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Symbolism In Opera

    • 1233 Words
    • 5 Pages

    However, only little historical background of Symbolist movement was given. The term “symbolism” was misinterpreted as “music that mimics certain objects or emotions”. Geoffrey Allan Wilson evaluated the music and poetry in the works of Debussy and Mallarmé. Instead of the assumption of music was composed for imitating the various elements of the poetry, a more subtle paradigm that shows the similarities and contrarieties of the two media. This study complements the deficiency of McRoberts’.…

    • 1233 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The study by Blythe Lagasse in 2012 is titled, “Evaluation of Melodic Intonation Therapy for Developmental Apraxia of Speech”. As the title states, this study researched Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) for children with apraxia. The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy of MIT for articulation therapy in this specific population. The study compared speech production following 40 minute MIT sessions to speech productions following 40 minute “traditional” therapy sessions. Lagasse included two male participants, ages 4 and 5, who underwent four, 40 minute MIT sessions.…

    • 705 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The students received five different memory tests. These include two visual-spatial memory tests, two word recall memory tests and one story recall memory test. The two visual-spatial tests showed symbols across a screen. The students had to remember the shapes and draw what they remembered. Also, the word recall tests used a list of 12 words that are similar in meaning.…

    • 1079 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays