Essay On Mass Killing In Darfur

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Darfur is a western region of Sudan in Africa and is home to about 6 million people, the majority of which are Muslim. Violence in Sudan broke out in February 2003 when 2 rebel groups -the Sudan liberation Movement/Army (SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) – began fighting the government of Sudan which they accused of oppressing Darfur’s Non Arab population. The government’s response to this was to begin a campaign of killing Darfur’s non Arabs and in 2003 these killings had taken the lives of about 400 000 people and displaced over 2.5 million people. More than 100 people continue to die each day (United Human Rights Council).

The purpose of this essay is to discuss the extent to which the mass killing in Darfur is genocide or a civil war. The goal of genocide is to deliberately destroy or exterminate and entire group of people. It is a planned and systematic killing. A civil
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It is a dispute between Muslim Arab Sudanese and Muslim Black Sudanese and Arab Sudanese are killing Black Sudanese. Racially mixed tribes of settled peasants identify as African and the nomadic herders identify as Arab. CS Monitor .com says that the mass killing in Darfur is not accidental and that it is not merely a humanitarian disaster that can be reversed by international involvement. Racial tension and civil has been evident in Darfur since they gained their independence from Britain in 1956. In 1989, General Omar Bashir took control of Sudan by military coup. Since then the Arabs in the North have mostly held political and military power. In 2003, in protest, the Africans in the South have revolted against the government and this has resulted in a succession of Arab governments trying to entirely destroy Black African Sudanese. This is a typical feature of genocides where tensions result between two groups in a biracial

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