Define Human Trafficking

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United Nations Office on Drugs and Organized Crime (UNODC) defines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of the threat or use of force or any other form of coercion or abduction or fraud, deception or abuse of power to achieve the consent of person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation. The UNODC commits all the state signatories to take proactive measures to investigate, prevent and stop acts of human trafficking by coordinating their efforts to arrest and prosecute those who engage in this vice (United Nations Office on Drug and Crime, 2015) . Human trafficking has been compared to modern day slavery. Traditional forms of slavery were usually perpetrated …show more content…
Sexual trafficking account for 79% of all victims of human trafficking end up as sex slaves .Forced labour trafficking account for at least 19%(United Nations Office On Drugs And Crime, 2015). The reports explains that the data on forced labour is often understated because this form of human trafficking is often difficult to detect. The report points out that women and children are the most vulnerable victims of human trafficking. Children,alone, make up at least 20% of the human trafficking victims. Additionally, UNODC noted that the most affected regions are the poor states especially in areas such as Africa, South East Asia and southern Americas (United Nations Office n Drug and Crime, 2015). In regard to the vulnerability, ILO concur that vulnerable societies are the most vulnerable victims of forced labour. ILO identifies indigenous groups and tribes, migrant workers and the vulnerable with specific reference to women, children and the youth from the poor families. The ILO notes that majority of the forced labor victims are forced to work as domestic workers, agricultural labors, construction and manufacturing, mining and entertainment. For this reason, the forced labour business generate at least $150 billion every year in profits (International Labour Organization repots, …show more content…
HTS argue that basic needs such as safety food sleep, proper hygiene and medical care are usually denied to the victims of human trafficking. This can have a serious effects on their well being. In fact, the organization argue that as result of cumulative and protracted effects of these conditions most victims die earlier than the average life expectancy . As pointed out by ILO, many victims end their life through suicides. Countless die to accidents, illness or brutal murder by their employers (The Economist,

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