Effects Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a lentivirus that attacks the body’s immune system through CD4 cells and evolves into Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV is transmitted by contact with bodily fluids. Symptoms of HIV are similar to simple cold symptoms including fever, chills, rash, etc. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be treated and controlled with antiretroviral therapy. There will be a more in-depth look into HIV in this paper.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Causes, Effects, and General Information Almost 37 million people today are living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (amFAR, 2016). Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus that affects our immune system. HIV is an easily contracted virus and was the cause of
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More specifically, our CD4 cells. The Immune System in our bodies works to prevent infection. The Immune System can recognize our healthy cells from cells that have been damaged or infected. The Immune System has many parts to it to help your body fight off and prevent infections, these parts include Skin, Bone Marrow, Blood Stream, Thymus, Lymphatic System, Spleen, and Mucosal Tissue (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2013). One of the major parts of the Immune System we will be looking at is the CD4 cells. There are four kinds of CD4 cells (TH1, TH2, TH17, and Treg) that are white blood cells that all work to stimulate a response in the Immune System. All CD4 cells are important in stimulating a response from the immune system of other immune cells or systems to prevent and fight off infection by secreting molecules that set off the Immune System (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2013). Human Immunodeficiency Virus works by affecting the CD4 cells. HIV has seven steps in affecting CD4 cells. First, the HIV Virus binds with the CD4 cells and fusses with the cell. Then, an HIV enzyme is released into the cell and inserts the HIV DNA into the cell’s DNA. The HIV then uses the CD4 protein to replicate and then releases itself to infect more CD4 cells (AIDSinfo, 2015). If the HIV goes without treatment the HIV will destroy all CD4 cells so that the …show more content…
These bodily fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane, damaged tissue, or directly injected into the blood stream to transmit the virus (AIDSinfo, 2015). HIV is most commonly transmitted through sexual activity and drug abuse that includes sharing needles, this is one of the reasons HIV and AIDS is so heavily covered in sexual health courses. The symptoms of HIV include Fever, Chills, Rash, Night sweats, Muscle aches, Sore throat, Fatigue, Swollen lymph nodes, and Mouth ulcers (AID.gov, 2015). These symptoms are so similar to flu symptoms that many individuals ignore the illness. Many people don’t even have symptoms and won’t recognize that they are sick. Individuals most affected by HIV are gays, bisexuals, and men who have sexual interactions with other men. The race that is most affected with HIV are African Americans. Sadly, there is no cure for HIV and those who contract it will have to live with it their entire lives. But, there is a way these individuals can manage it and prevent it from becoming AIDS. The only treatment for HIV is Antiretroviral Therapy, which is medication that reduces the amount of HIV in your system in order for your immune system to work properly. The medication also reduces the risk of transmitting the virus and evolving into AIDS (AIDS.gov,

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