Effects Of Geography On Ancient Greece

1029 Words 5 Pages
The geography of Greece effected the Greek civilization greatly. Ancient Greece’s land wasn’t the easiest to live on. It wasn’t very fertile which didn’t give the Greeks much food. They had to find other ways to get food. The land also consisted of many hills and mountains that separated the land. This created the problem of unity in the country
The land of ancient Greece was surrounded by water from three sides, otherwise known as a peninsula. They were surrounded by salt water, which they didn’t have much use for. The Greeks couldn’t drink the seawater, they couldn’t bathe in it and worst of all they couldn’t irrigate with it. Because they weren’t able to use the seawater to irrigate they didn’t do much farming, so they didn’t have many crops.
…show more content…
Four main governments that the Greeks formed where democracy, oligarchy, tyranny and monarchy. Democracy is when all citizens, male and over the age of 18, would vote on all matters. “Any male citizen 18 years or over could speak” (ancient.eu) There would be a meeting, called the assembly, about once every month. Everyone who was a citizen for that city-state could vote, usually by a show of hands. They would all vote together on all matters, everyone was equal before the law. While the assembly met about once a month with everyone voting the council of 500 met weekly and sometimes daily to discuss day to day matter. The members of the council of 500 would be chosen by a lottery, so anyone could be apart of it. They would propose new laws for the assembly to discus and they would enforce the assembly’s laws and decisions. Another main government in ancient Greece was oligarchy. This form of government was common is city-states after their democratic government failed. An Oligarchy was when they had a government consisted of few selected and wealthy leaders. These leaders would create and enforce their own laws for the citizens to follow. The citizens also didn’t have a right to vote so they had no say in the government …show more content…
Sparta for one was ruled by two kings as a monarchy while Athens was a direct democracy. The Spartan government had four parts to it. The two kings who were from different lines. The council of 30, which consisted of the two kings, and twenty-eight nobles that were elected by the people. The third part were the Ephors, which were also known as the council of 5. The Ephors where elected by the people and had the power to remove the kings from power. Lastly the assembly, which was held once a month where any male citizen over the age of 30 could discuss political issues and

Related Documents