Effects Of Environmental Issues In Afghanistan
Afghanistan is made up of mostly mountainous terrain, with plains to the southeastern and northern parts of the country. It spreads across 251,827 sq. miles, making it just smaller than the state of Texas which comes in at 268,820 sq. miles.
The country is located between Southern Asia and Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, China, and India. This location centering between central and southern Asia makes Afghanistan both landlocked and a land bridge within Asia.
The country of Afghanistan has been seen on the news around the world during the past decade for the conflicts and turmoil it has faced. The overthrow of the Taliban government in 2002 has led to mass conflict within the …show more content…
Due to the self-sufficiency of many Afghan residents and the increase in growth they have depleted their forest and wetlands. A combination of grazing and farming has caused residence to put themselves at risk of flooding due to the lack of forest or waterways to handle rainfall efficiently. Another issue being faced is the lack of clean drinking water. The water supply is almost completely reliant on glacier runoff from the mountains due to the county being landlocked from any large water source. In the past 50 years glacier sizes have decreased by around 30%, leaving many residents without clean water. It is estimated that only 27% of household have access to safe drinking water. An issue much of the world faces is that of air pollution, and Afghanistan is no different. Many of the residents use wood and coal burning stoves within their homes. Another factor is the large majority of cars being used by residence are outdated and lack efficient emissions systems. In 2005, Afghanistan’s National Environmental Protection Agency was established. Since then they have been working to set in place laws and regulations that will help to ensure the safety and well-being of their residence. Although they have gone many years neglecting their environment, the newly established environmental protection will bring many benefits to the people of