Early Intervention

1537 Words 7 Pages
Early intervention programs are provided all over the United States to premature infants to age three, but sometimes it can even go beyond if approved during certain situations. Early intervention programs vary from state to state with rules and regulations, but overall it helps children that are born with disabilities or developmental delays during the time they should be developing the skills that a normal developing child would have developed. These children can be either be environmentally or biologically at risk due to their diagnosis. It covers the basic physical needs such as reaching, rolling, crawling, and walking. It also covers other aspects such as: cognitive, communication, social emotional, and even self-help skills. This type …show more content…
It was first mandated in 1975 by congress under the Public law 94-142. This law was the landmark for what we call IDEA today, but during those days they called it the Education of All Handicapped Children Act (EHA). IDEA ensured that all school aged children no matter the disability or development delay would receive an appropriate public school education. The focus on Family centered care begin during the 80s which focused on early intervention and IDEA. Even though it was introduced under the IDEA during 1975, early intervention services were for infants and toddlers with disabilities were not part of the legislation until it was reauthorized in 1986 and became Public Law 99-457 instead of Public Law 94-142. The actual change of the name EHA did not become IDEA until 1990. This removed the word handicapped to make it more politically correct. During 1997 is when transition services and assistive technology was added to the early intervention program and was covered under the state’s money which was very important for parents with children that need this type of service. The most recent authorization of IDEA was passed in 2004 as Public Law 108-446 which expresses the significant brain development that occurs during a child’s first 3 years of life, and added a finding which widen the capacity of State and local agencies and service providers to identify, evaluate, and meet all of the children’s’ needs. …show more content…
These factors that are being addressed at this early age carries on with a lot of wonderful long term affects. Some of the factors that were addressed faded out during adolescent, but some were seen during the transition too early to even late adulthood. The program does not only benefit the children long term; some studies say that it has some long term effects on parents too. The clients that show the largest amount of long term effects are clients that have parents or caregivers that were more involved and better trained during the program. Also some studies show that the programs were more successful if they had a better staff to child ratio. The long term effects on children to adulthood showed through certain high rated facilities rather than low ranked facilities. There is very limited research done on the long term effects of early intervention, but one program traced their research all the way to thirty-five years after intervention ended which proved enough information to see that early intervention programs sometimes do provide needed qualities in certain individuals that they would not of acquired without the program (Karoly, Kilburn, & Cannon,

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