Effects Of Deep Brain Stimulation

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Deep Brain Stimulation has been shown to effectively treat various diseases and disorders ranging from Parkinson’s disease, to OCD, anorexia, substance abuse, Tourette’s syndrome and major depressive disorder (MDD). This occurs through an invasive surgery where an electrode is placed near a particular region of interest for the disorder and is set to release a determined electrical current to a specific part of the brain. One reason that DBS has been suggested for the use of various treatment resistant disorders, the development of neuromodulation and other imaging studies not only provide controlled studies, which present an option of therapy that can be adjusted and reversed as needed and greater detail to isolate various pathways these disorders …show more content…
However, while there are less roadblocks in the way for some illnesses such as DBS for Parkinson’s, treatment for depression certainly has more than a few hurdles it needs to cross before it is accessible to the …show more content…
One main question that I think that begins to identify itself is “Is possibly having your depression cured worth the possible cognitive and physical effects?” I question this because the ultimate goal in the case of treatment of depression is not to never feel sad, which is essentially what DBS does in the stimulation of Cg25, but to achieve actual mood regulation. Stimulation of Cg25, provided a heighted emotional response that was above the patient’s non-depressed baseline. So while it did not actually make the patient not depressed it gave them the perception of happiness. Now that we are talking about not treating depression and instead stimulating happiness into the brain, the question becomes how much is too much? One idea could be that a possible reason for the cognitive incidents can occur through too much overstimulation of Cg25 and possible accidental stimulation of other neural pathways by the stimulator. Whichever mechanism this occurs by it raises the problem of overstimulation possibly inducing euphoria or mania when it only needed to regulate and normalize the firing of Cg25. With this in mind if it becomes a question of stimulating the release of joy into your body or the possibility of having your own brain turn against you and cause you to do things you can’t control, there maybe less appeal for DBS for MDD. However, I think that since

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