Neo Confucianism In China

1919 Words 8 Pages
Confucianism, the most remarkable long lasting tradition or belief in the Chinese history. Dating back more than two millenniums, Confucianism was becoming the most prominent and growing tradition in China until Qin dynasty. (Yao xv “Confucianism in history: chronological table) However, Confucianism regain its position during the Han dynasty as being the state ideology (Yao 5) before losing its ground in late Han and Song dynasty as the popularity of Buddhism and Daoism signifies (Yao 37). Many view Confucianism as one of the most conservative tradition in history since we usually learn the early part of Confucianism when it was the main religion in China while other traditions were non-existence or has minor effects. However, other scholars …show more content…
During the Song Dynasty, Neo- Confucianism began to emerge, where most of our current knowledge of Confucianism come from (Magagna “The Confucian Root”). The neo-Confucianism renovated its tradition values without losing its core (Magagna “The Confucian Root”). In other words, Confucianism became more liberal (adapted from other traditions) while remain to be conservative in some sense. Neo-Confucianism was mainly influenced by Daoism and Buddhism to once again to stamp its authority in the Chinese history. With the influence from Buddhism and Daoism, “The real value of Neo-Confucianism is not only in its ‘return’ to classical Confucianism, but in its fundamental transformation of Confucian doctrines which thereby enabled Neo-Confucians to construct a comprehensive and complicated doctrine system.” (Yao 97). The fact of Confucianism adapted from tradition or religion that was drastically different from its own values illustrates why neo-Confucianism became the main root of Confucianism, and later impact in Japan and Korea (Magagna “The Confucian Root”). The new innovative values that were not seen in previous traditional Confucianism were qi, a Chinese word define as “air, vapor, breathe, and then the vital force of life, translated variously as material force, primary energy, ether or mater”. The qi became the new core of …show more content…
Even though the widespread of Confucianism in Korea and Japan, the position Confucianism was never stabilized until 1970s (Yao 245). In the modern era, Confucianism has become more liberal and progressive while the traditional values revive as they began disregard the Buddhism Daoism fusion. Some scholars argue that traditional Confucianism (during the Spring Autumn through the Han) was significant better than the during the Song-Ming dynasty because the change were forced from the rise of Buddhism and Daoism (Yao248). I agree with the face Confucianism lost its own values by trying to adapt religions that were significantly differ than its own roots. Furthermore, Confucianism turns into liberalism due to the force adoption of Daoism and Buddhism. During World War II, while Chinese were desperately trying to defend Great Britain in the Opium War, China’s weaknesses were serious exposed (Yao 249). They were in deep water and the only solution were once again turn liberal and progressive with Confucianism: learning from the West while staying true to the core values. Confucianism always give people the view as conservative because they always lag from other culture. “None the less, the once self-confident Confucian scholars were deeply puzzled by the advances of the western power and the humiliating weakness of China, a perception which caused many of the

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