Effects Of Cannabis On Youth

1956 Words 8 Pages
The percentage of Canadian youth who report using cannabis has been cited as the highest in the developed world (Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 2016b). According to United Nations Children’s Fund Office of Research, in 2013 twenty-eight percent of Canadian Children aged 11 to 15 admitted to using cannabis at least once in the past year. The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA) (2016b) reported as much as 7% of adolescents smoke marijuana every single day; making Canadian youth top cannabis consumers. Article 33 of the UNCRC states that governments should use all means possible to protect children from use of harmful drugs (United Nations, 1989); the literature suggests government officials are not doing enough to uphold
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Neuroscience has shown the childhood years to be critical to future health, learning and behavior (Frappier, & Lynk, 2012).It is crucial that the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) acknowledge the devastating effects cannabis use has on youth. Recognizing the full impact and potential effects of the illicit drug is essential to addressing the problem. Youth who use cannabis are subject to a long list of poor health outcomes; alterations in brain function and structure, impaired cognitive and intellectual functioning, academic and occupational failure, psychosocial adjustment, antisocial and criminal behavior, and suicidal ideation to name only a few. It is important that the UNCRC address the high rates of youth cannabis use in order to minimize the negative health, social, economic, and criminal justice impacts of the …show more content…
A large body of research has examined the association between frequent adolescent marijuana use and associated risk of developing psychotic symptoms (Bechtold, Simpson, White, & Pardini, 2015).Cannabis use in adolescence significantly increases the likelihood of schizophrenia in adulthood, especially if used in adolescence (Arseneault et al., 2002). Numerous studies have found correlations between adolescent marijuana use and psychosis (Copeland et al., 2013; Arseneault et al., 2002; Bechtolk et al., 2015). Compared to youth who never used cannabis, youth who used daily before age 17 were twice as likely to develop psychosis and 7 times more likely to attempt suicide (Horwood et al.,

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