Effects Of Breast Cancer

Good Essays
Introduction Breast cancer is the abnormal growing of cells within the breast tissues. It has been identified to be number two killer of all cancer demises among women. The first common sign that can lead to cancer diagnosis is the presence of a breast lump. Breast cancer is more common in women than men are, but they also need to realize that they can also be diagnosed with breast cancer. Fibro adenoma has been identified as the most prevalent form of benign breast tumor, while Invasive Ductal Carcinoma is the prevalent kind of malignant breast tumor. Statistics illustrate that breast cancer is more likely to be found on older women who are fifty years and above, but there has been a swing of events where younger women who are below fifty …show more content…
These malignant cells develop due to damaged DNA or through genetic mutations in which some individuals inherit genes such as BRCA1, BRCA2, and P53 (Tang, Rangayyan, Xu, El Naqa, & Yang, 2009). Hence, an individual is at risk when a close relative has had breast cancer in the past. The presence of Estrogen and progesterone receptors in the infected breast encourages cell division and DNA’s replication; hence, drugs that can block the receptors are encouraged in treating lumps with the receptors. ER+ tumors are common in individuals that are in post menopause stage and lower in women, who are pre-menopause. Breast cancer progresses in a variety of stages, which begin with stage 0 (carcinoma in situ), then to stage 1, stage 11, stage 111A, stage 111B, stage 111C and finally stage IV (Taghian, 2012). Breast cancer attacks local breast tissues in most cases and does not spread. However, it is possible for the cancerous cells to spread via the blood stream or the regional lymph node. If the breast cancer is metastatic, the cancerous cells can spread and infect important body parts such as liver, skin, brain, and lungs, which may also become cancerous. This is especially the case when there are no early intervention strategies applied to control the cancer (Sutton, 2012).

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Breast Cancer Essay

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Breast cancer can begin in different parts of the breast and depends on which cells turn into cancer. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts or lobules. Sign and Symptoms of breast cancer depend on each individual. According to the American Cancer Society, the most common sign of breast cancer is an irregular edge hard lump which is painless. The other warning signs include lump in breast or underarm, swelling in part of the breast, irritation or dimpling of breast skin, redness or flaky skin in the nipple area, pain in the breast area, any changes in size or the shape of the breast.…

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In the human body, cells have the ability to grow and divide, but when a group of cells malfunction, they can form a malignant tumor. When a malignant tumor develops in the breast, it is classified as breast cancer. Breast Cancer refers to the over cell proliferation (abnormal cell growth) forming in the tissue of a breast and eventually metastasizes (spreads) to different parts to of the body. This disease annually affects women regardless of their culture and ethnicity. In regards to Hispanic women population, breast cancer acts more aggressive in comparison to other ethnicities (Kouri et al., 2010).…

    • 1265 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Generally, breast cancer begins to develop when normal breast cells grow into cancerous cells. They change as a consequence of mutations or changes in their DNA. Some mutations are inherited which makes family history a big risk factor. However, some of those DNA mutations are developed in breast cells during the lifetime of a woman instead of having it been inherited. Moreover, research has consistently shown that alcohol increases levels of estrogen and other hormones related to the hormone receptor positive breast cancer since alcohol damages DNA in cells.…

    • 1032 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The most common type of breast cancer is Ductual Carcinoma, it starts by invading cells of breast ducts (“Breast Cancer” ). Breast cancer can also arise from cells of lobules and other tissues in the breast. Invasive breast cancer is a type of cancer that has spread from where it originally started to ducts or lobules to surrounding tissue (“Breast Cancer” ). In the U.S. breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women (‘Breast Cancer” ). Breast cancer can occur in men and women but is rare for men.…

    • 1685 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Has one ever faced a change in their breast, a thick feeling from the surrounding tissues or an unusual change in your nipples such as redness or scaling? Breast Cancer is a common disease that terrifies any man or woman that has been told they have it. “It is the second leading cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer”(How Many Women...?) There are different symptoms, risk factors, treatments, and test that occur with breast cancer. Revealing the current information on this disease will bring the awareness needed to combat it.…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Breast Cancer Essay

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages

    But, a person can get breast cancer at any time during their life. There are many different types of breast cancer. The types of cancer include lobular carcinomas, ductal carcinomas, inflammatory breast cancer, and Paget’s disease. According to the author, ”The most common type of tumor, called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is a single, hard, barely movable lump” ("Breast cancer" Britannica School). The many different types are based on where they are located and how serious they…

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The number of people affected by breast cancer is rising in the western world. Breast cancer is caused by the unusual growth and division in cells that can destroy normal tissue in the breast. The cancer cells have the potential to spread throughout the body (“Breast Cancer,” 1999, p.518). Breast cancer is found typically in older women or around the time of menopause but it can also be found in men. Breast cancer is defined by the mammory glands and the growth of malignant cells within these glands.…

    • 1197 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There are all sorts of different cancers that people tend to hear of. Cancer is abnormal cells that grow out of control and invade a healthy person’s body. When these cells do not grow normally things can go wrong. When cancer occurs it is because the cells divide more than they should and begin to form masses also known as tumors. According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation, the most common type of cancer is breast cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer death in woman.…

    • 2405 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, along with other options. Radiation therapy is a treatment with high-energy rays or particles that destroy cancer cells (cancer.org). In addition, external beam radiation is the most common type of radiation therapy for women. Radiation to the breast is often given after breast-conserving surgery to help lower the chance the cancer will come back in the breast or nearby lymph nodes. When surgery is required it’s often needed to remove a breast tumor.…

    • 733 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Squamous can be detected by chest x-rays, MRI, and PET scans. If cancer is seen in any of these test further testing would be done like sputum sample, biopsy, bronchoscopy, mediastinoscopy, etc. Treatment for squamous depends on what stage the cancer is at as well as the condition the patient is in. The last of the non-small cell lung cancer is the large cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Large Cell spreads more rapid then any other non-small cell.…

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics