Effects Of American Colonization And Development

1100 Words 4 Pages
American colonization and development was shaped by many different influences such as new economic trends, stark political realities or emerging societal and cultural factors. Throughout my studies and readings, I have found that the most influential of the three to be new economic trends. The major two changes in the economy that helped to successfully colonize and develop america, was the rise of slavery and the tobacco trade.

It was the "staple" of the Chesapeake colonies in a broader sense than any other staple the world has known. For, in the ancient province, all the processes of government society and domestic life began and ended with tobacco.[1] During the early years of the founding of Jamestown, many colonists were “gentlemen”
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In result, many early colonists faced starvation and lived short, miserable lives. One of the first explorers sent by the Virginia Company, John Rolfe, discovered that Virginia had an almost perfect climate for tobacco growth to flourish in. This was the key to colonization and development the colonists had so dearly been looking for. Tobacco become the main cash crop of Jamestown and soon it was being planted everywhere to colonists could manage to grow it! Tobacco became so abundant that by 1617, Rolfe recalled that there had been more than 20,000 pounds of tobacco exported from Virginia. This dramatic increase in the tobacco trade influenced the Virginia Company to change their land policy, allowing colonists to own their own land. With this new policy and expansion, the colonists were offered 50 acres of land for bringing a new settler to the colony. The colonists now had all this land, nut no one to take care of …show more content…
Indentured servants were considered property and passed down from generation to another. As if the extremely cheap, basically free labor wasn 't enough for the colonist. They began importing more and more Africans and began the slave trade that would be so essential to american colonial economic success in the late 1600 's. Many indentured servants complained about poor pay, unfair treatment, and living conditions soon after arriving in the colonies. The colonists decided they would rather do no work at all and not have to pay the whining indentured servants so the rise of slaves started. In 1641, Massachusetts became the first official colony to legalize slavery. Virginia was the second to legalize and decided all slaved born in the colonies would be enslaved too. As the Virginia general assembly declaration of 1705 stated, “All servants imported and brought into the Country. . . who were not Christians in their native Country. . . shall be accounted and be slaves. All Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion. . . shall be held to be real estate.” Slaves became widespread throughout the colonies because of how cheaply they could be acquired from slave auctions, they could be bought or even traded for such measly items as food or tobacco. Tobacco was the first great economic change that would influence development and would

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