Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development Essay

896 Words Oct 6th, 2014 4 Pages
Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development
Daphney Walker
PSYCH/640
May 5, 2014
Holly Berry

Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development Aging is a natural process of life however, studies show that there are some age-related decline in cognitive development. As a person grows older some brain cell dies, shrink, or weaken and cause some decline in brain functions. Some cognitive processes include attention, working memory, long-term memory, perception, and executive control. The material will explain the effect of aging on cognitive development by providing scholarly research proof.
Cognitive Development Cognition is the process by which human beings learn about the world and the objects in it and also understand the relationship
…show more content…
Learning capacity of growth is unimpaired and is enhance by interest, motivation, flexibility, maturity, and confidence. Problem-solving seem to remain stable as long as there is no timing and cognitive measures of crystallized intelligence show decline at a later age of around 70 (Finkel, Reynolds, McArdle, Gatz, & Pedersen, 2003).
Another study conducted by Wang, Su, Shen, & Hu, (2012) in which they used machine learning methods to decode the developmental dynamics of the brain –functional network in participants from eight to 79 years of the lifespan. The results show that significant age-related changes such as increase in the emotional system, decrease in the sensory motor system, and decrease in the higher order functions.
Conclusion
Aging is a natural process of life however, studies show that there are some age-related decline in cognitive development. As a person grows older some brain cell dies, shrink, or weaken and cause some decline in brain functions. Mature adults draw on experience to imagine plan and hope. Cognitive decline differs in individuals according to physical and mental activities, but as the individual increase in age, thought processing and memory slow down. However, age alone does not affect memory because factors such as dementia, Alzheimer’s, too little sleep, and depression can affect cognitive functions.

References
Anderson, J. R. (2010). Cognitive psychology and its implications (7th ed.). New York, NY:

Related Documents