Effectiveness Of Punishment Essay

1856 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… It is clear then, that any evaluation of the effectiveness of a prison and community punishment need to be judged against a range of criteria other than the simple adding up of reconviction rates. This is a difficult task when considering what the crimes of punishment should be. Thoughts that spring to mind include, rehabilitation, incarceration, reintegration, protection, treatment, cost effectiveness, fair administration, deterrence, adequate …show more content…
In the case of ‘dangerous offenders’ imprisonment is the most effective form of punishment in order to protect the general public. The problem with ‘dangerous offenders' is that grave violent offences are rare occurrences and are very difficult to predict (Dunbar and Langdon, 1998). The fact is, the vast majority of prisoners are not convicted of violent offences.

Of the 60,000 people sentenced to immediate custody on 1995, 76% were convicted of non-violent offences. Of the 84,000 people who received prison sentences in 1996, 20,157 were convicted for non-payment of fines (Wilson and Ashton, 1998). The question is, what should be done with persistent non-violent property offenders who constantly re-offend?

The introduction of electronic tagging and probation orders with a requirement of residence in a hostel allows those offenders to be dealt with in the community while still offering significant protection to the public (Home Affairs Committee, 1998). These types of offenders are released from prison at some point and at present would not receive the same volume of rehabilitation provision
…show more content…
Imprisonment can offer immediate protection to the general public, however, nearly all prisoners are released at some point, and at present, will rarely have to confront their offending behaviour in order to be rehabilitated to the same extent as those who are subjected to community sanctions (Home Affairs Committee, 1998). With the provision of electronic tagging and probation orders with a required residence in a hostel, community sanctions can be just has effective in protecting the public against non-violent offenders has a prison sentence. And In the long run, maybe more so.

Prison should be reserved as a punishment for the most serious offences.

Prison is still accepted by many has a necessary, if not an altogether desirable ‘social institution’. And for sometime yet, large numbers of offenders will be kept in them.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brownlee, I. (1998) Community Punishment, Harlow: London.

Davis, M. Croall, H and Tyrer, J. (1998) Criminal Justice: An introduction

Related Documents