Effective Modern Management Theories Of The Past Essay

811 Words Mar 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Effective modern management skills are derived from management theories of the past. When the industrial revolution began managers recognised a necessity for a division of labour in obligation to meet customer desires and excel in company performance (Waddell, Jones, & George, 2013, p. 36). The importance of the division of labour was argued by Adam Smith in his economic treatise The Wealth of Nations in 1776. Smith discussed the positive effects job specialisation would have on organisational performance, encouraging further exploration on maximising business by researchers (Waddell, Jones, & George, 2013, p. 36). A portion of theories discussed was scientific management, administrative and bureaucracy management and behavioural management. An understanding of these management theories from the past can positively influence the way managerial skills and practises are performed today.

The scientific management theory proposed by Frederick W Taylor is founded on the study of relationships between people and tasks (Waddell, Jones, & George, 2013, p. 37). Taylor asserted the principle an organisation’s success is derived from employee efficiency (Bell & Martin, 2012). The theory suggested a high priority for reorganised work systems which included economic incentives for work and emphasised the importance of job specialisation involving thoughtful selection and training of employees. By having a focus on job specialisation, Taylor suggested employees will be more motivated to…

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