What Is Fake News

1090 Words 5 Pages
THE ADAPTATION OF FAKE NEWS
BY ALICE BARRAH

Intro
The term "Fake News" broke out in popular media back in 2016, when Donald Trump accused CNN reporter Jim Acosta of being the very term. Since then fake news has wormed its way through nearly every media outlet, reporter, politician and celebrity alike, and it's become hard for a new generation of consumers to tell the difference between what's true and what's false. What is Fake News?
Fake News, put simply, is the spread of misinformation through various forms of media. This can include traditional print, broadcast news, radio and most relevant to today, the internet. Although it's easy to say that 2016 and 2017 have been peak years for mass spread of misinformation, fake news has been around
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An example of an issue that is time and time again riddled with disinformation and propaganda is the US Elections. Obviously we know how fake news infected the Trump v Clinton election this past year, swaying voters opinions and arguably altering the end result, but this is not a new occurrence. Only the past September former US president Barack Obama warmed Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerburg about the danger of fake news on Facebook, and understandably so. Obama has been the victim of false allegations and news stories ever since he first ran for office in 2008, when a photo from his Muslim half-brother's wedding began circling the internet. This was all that was needed for allegations of Obama's "secret Muslim faith" and people began questioning whether he was even an American. Before the internet was as widespread and easily assessable as it is today, fake news found alternative ways to get around. In the 2000 US election rumours about John McCains' 'illegitimate child" began circling through an email chain and on flyers, and in 1946 people running the Richard Nixon campaign were paid$9 a day to make phone calls to random homeowners and inform (or more truthfully, misinform) them that Jerry Vorrhis, who was at the time running against Nixon, was a communist. But these examples are both from the past 100 years. Let's take it back over 200 years to the election of 1800, where negative campaigning was invented. Although Thomas Jefferson was already spewing attacks about his once friend, now political enemy and also then President, John Adams, he took is a step further in this particular year. Jefferson hired a hatchet man named James Callendar to spread gossip and one of the first forms of fake news about Adams, claiming that Adams desperately wanted to attack France. Although these claims were completely false, America bought it and it arguably

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