Edwin Sutherland And The Differential Association Theory Essay

1213 Words Jul 17th, 2015 null Page
Edwin Sutherland was seen as the most important criminologists from the Chicago School (Cartwright, 2011, p.159). Influenced by Shaw and McKay, Sutherland established the differential association theory; which later influenced other criminologists and sociologists to introduce other theories (Cartwright, 2011, p.155). Sutherland, as well as others, explored white-collar criminality, and while investigating this, he came up with differential association theory (which later lead to social learning theory). His differential association theory is based off the idea all aspects of criminal behaviour are learnt (Cartwright, 2011, p.156). Gresham Sykes and David Matza were later influenced by Sutherland, and they published an article on techniques of neutralization. The article expanded Sutherland’s original idea that criminal behaviour is learned as well as discussing how criminals can justify or “neutralize” their behaviour (Cartwright, 2011, p.156). In articles and papers posted by Sutherland, E. H., Cressey, D. R., Sykes, G. M., Matza, D., and Benson, M. L., as well as edits by Cartwright, B., differential association theory, techniques of neutralization, white-collar criminality are discussed, and in this paper, their development will be connected.
 Edward Sutherland’s 1940 article “White-Collar Criminality” analyzed both upper class criminality (white-collar) and lower class criminality in order to advance theories of criminal behaviour. He pointed out, that even though…

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