Edward O. Wilson : The Unity Of Knowledge Through Epistemology, And Individual 's Responsibilities

1246 Words Oct 5th, 2016 5 Pages
While there are multiple differing views on how the world was created, there is only one defining way for how the world is today-- progress. Still, progress is not uniform in itself. John Stuart Mill believed progress was for the sake of liberty and stemmed from society whereas Edward O. Wilson found society’s progress from natural sciences. As each author differentiates their views on progress, it does not prevent the reader from comparing and contrasting the ideals behind the arguments. In his essay On Liberty, Mill defines progress through epistemology, human nature, and individual’s responsibilities; however, Wilson examines progress in his novel Consilience: the Unity of Knowledge through epistemology, the scientific method, and the enlightenment. Mill views progress through his epistemology, how something is known. He claims the only way to progress is to scrutinize all ideas, dialogues, and beliefs fully, frequently, and fearlessly. Yet, how does one scrutinze fully, frequently, and fearlessly? Mill decides debate and discussion is the only path to progressive scrutiny. Tone, language, and process-- all play a role in interindividual discourse and argumentation. “A similar tone of sentiment might by this time have been prevalent in our own country if the circumstances which for a time encouraged it had continued unaltered” (Mill 3). In order for free progression to ensue, there must be similar tones throughout society. Identical to Mill, Wilson also uses…

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