Educational Theory of Socrates Essay

4390 Words Dec 29th, 2012 18 Pages
The purpose of this essay is to give the reader an insight into the educational theories of Socrates. It is rather difficult to gain any information from first hand written accounts of Socrates work as he hardly ever took down notes and the only accounts that have stood the test of time are those that were documented by Plato, a student of Socrates. In actual fact most of what we know is from later people such as Aristophanes, Xenophen, Plato and Aristotle. These accounts are what have been formulated into Socrates theories. This poses some questions as to whether the theories that have been accredited to the man himself were actually his or rather a second hand interpretation from those that came after. Born in Athens in 469 B.C and …show more content…
In his development of his theory he claimed that there were two types of knowledge, Ordinary and Higher (see appendix 1) and that the learning capabilities of the human are endless. He referred to the soul as the inner self and as such it held the positivity, goodness and truth that a human required to become wise. With his following becoming greater due to his methods and beliefs he attracted the attention of the authorities who thought that he was influencing the young men with witchcraft, “denying the gods recognized by the state and introducing instead of them strange divinities; of corrupting the young; that he taught the young to disobey parents and guardians and to prefer his own authority to theirs” (Love to Know Corporation 2011) (see appendix 2). This was considered unacceptable. Unfortunately his views that only the knowledgeable should make the decisions for those beneath them also went against the democratic society of that time. This changed the opinion of some of the Athenian people who at first thought he was a scholar and a wise man to him becoming a social pariah. It is important to mention that Socrates never considered himself to be a teacher more so an educator of men, this was highly unusual at the time as education was very formal and only for those who could afford to pay for it. This is something that could have made him appear sinister in the opinions of the Athenian aristocracy and lawmakers who

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