Italy: The Role Of Education In Italy

Education in Italy focuses primarily on highly centralized public school systems that are financially covered through the central and local governments. The central government covers teacher and staff salaries while the local governments focus on school maintenance and cost of school buildings. Resources such as economic finances are depended on the country parameters and the areas of higher educational support, which has created regional differences among students’ scores towards math, reading, science, and problem solving. In higher socioeconomic areas of Italy, children have greater chances of succeeding educationally and meeting government standards for educational standards (Di Giacomo & Pennisi, 2015). Children in higher
…show more content…
The education consisted of Ge’ez, classic Ethiopian tongue, and children were required to learn 265 characters and commit to memory parts of biblical texts in Ge’ez. Children at this level are also introduced to numbers and writing will be attempted for highly developed students (Milkias, 2012). Higher education in the traditional era focused on specializations in music, poetry, and texts. All of the specialties require two years of learning and exercise and other programs require years of training afterwards. To achieve higher education, students must travel to Gojam, Gondar, Tigre, and Wallo because of the lack of institutions offered in Ethiopia. Nevertheless, traditional education is still taught throughout Ethiopia for students inquiring a religious education, but there has been a recent increase in Western education at the secondary and higher educational levels. However, preprimary school is still a prerequisite to government-established public schools to allow for the teaching of reading and writing (Milkias, 2012). Primary educational institutions account for 11,754 buildings and have on average 7,876,188 students attending (World, …show more content…
Secondary education has reported school focus on either Traditional or Westernized forms of practice including an eight-year cycle divided into basic education. Although secondary education is now including Westernized education, there have been great challenges for enrollment and competition of secondary education. Generally, secondary education is used as a time frame for students to determine their areas of interest in further education and training. Four of the main challenges are the low primary education completion rates, inadequate access to rural areas, low teacher trainings and institutions, and low student learning rates (Joshi & Verspoor, 2012). With a lack of teacher institutions and teacher training, schools have lacked the resources to supply students with an accredited education. It was not until the 1970s that more teachers began to teach in secondary academic programs. Students going to secondary programs have a greater chance of being accepted with the increase in teachers (Milkias, 2012). Secondary schools account for 436 buildings and have on average 679,377 students (World,

Related Documents