Economic System In The Central Middle Ages

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Register to read the introduction… The peace and stability of the central middle ages led to changes in farming methods and technologies. The use of the three-field system allowed farmers to put more land into production during a year, increasing crop size. While, the cultivation of more land allowed for more farms by pushing back the sea with dikes and the draining of swamps. The introduction of new protein rich crops like lentils, peas, and beans gave Europeans a better diet. These developments doubled crop yields and eliminated famine in Western Europe. With more food being produced, the population of towns and cities swelled in size and new urban charters were drawn up. In these cities guilds and industries were established to produce goods for trade and everyday use. The main economic and social system during this time was manorialism. Lord’s who owned large estates would employ peasants to produce the Lords feudal obligations and in return peasants would receive his own lands to support himself, but be forced to pay a variety of fees for using the Lords implements and facilities. A system of mutual rights and responsibilities called feudalism was the political system in the central middle ages. Elites would provide higher ranking nobles with feudal obligations of warriors, food, and/or animals in return for their protection or use of the land. After the schism …show more content…
The invention of the printing press in the period before allowed Europeans to make books faster, with more books out in the world then ever before, people could express their thoughts and beliefs to a larger audience, and literacy increased. An example of reaching a larger audience was the Protestant Reformation in which Martin Luther was able to spread his teachings all over Europe. In response the Church established the Counter-Reformation to attack corruption, and called the Council of Trent to fight Protestant increases in converts. By, the 1560’s Protestantism had reached its peak. The Council of Trent reinvigorated the Catholic Church and strengthened the power of the papacy. The Catholic Church also had to deal with German princes trying to increase their power and in result the Peace of Augsburg signed. The agreement gave German princes the right to choose their own religion for their region. Another event from the period before, the fall of Constantinople brought a great wealth of knowledge from the times of antiquity. The result of this breadbasket of knowledge produced the renaissance and the works from the great artist like Leonardo da Vinci, among others. The Early Modern Period also saw the Thirty Years’ War, waged entirely in Germany. The war was fought in four phases and was full of alliances and backstabbing. The war ended in 1648 with the peace of

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