Economic Impact On Mexico
Mexico’s economy was very vulnerable to fluctuation in the United States economy and relied heavily on the United States as an export market. Mexico experienced a large decrease in exports of goods and services and in foreign investment. Approximately 80% of Mexico’s exports were sent to the United States. When United States demand for goods and services started to decline, Mexico saw …show more content…
Mexico also experienced a decline in foreign direct investment. Total FDI flows to Mexico decreased by 42.5%. This is mainly because 44.1% of FDI came from the United States and went into the manufacturing industry.
Employment rates were affected as well. Unemployment and informal employment increased and by September 2009 it had peaked at 6.4%, which was twice the unemployment from the previous year. Also, because of the recessive labor market in the United States, immigrant workers had a hard time finding jobs. This negatively affected Mexico’s remittance flow. This is important to note because the consumption of low income families in the regions of Mexico with high migration rates heavily depended on the flow of remittance from the United States.
Reducing the Impact
In response to the global financial crisis Mexico implemented different policies. When the crisis started to affect only the poorest parts of the Mexican society the government tried to adopt policy measures that would lessen the blow, especially on low income families. These measures included:
• Increasing public expenditure on infrastructure.
• Freezing household energy prices.
• Implementing programs to support …show more content…
• On the other hand, the other countries Mexico exports to may not have the level of demand for manufactured goods necessary to decrease the reliance on the United States demand.
• Mexico and the United States may try to protect themselves against imports from the other country as a result of competition.
Enterprise Development: This would help Mexican private sector enterprises trade more. By advancing these enterprises Mexico can experience improvement in productivity, employment and incomes. Implementation would involve these private enterprises improving their capacity to compete by doing the following:
• Improving exportable goods to penetrate foreign