Ecological System And Its Effects On Human Development Essay

774 Words Oct 29th, 2015 4 Pages
Ecological System was created by Urie Bronfenbrener as an explanation of the complexity of human development. Bronfenbrener proposed that the environment has a series of nested structures; the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and chronosystem, which determine human behavior and development. (Berk, 2013, p.19) Each step prepares the child by giving them experiences that later they would utilize as a forming mechanism or problem solving technique. Sex education is a process that integrates the ecological system theory based on how a child receives such information and evolves in their development.
Microsystem
Sexuality is defined as a characteristic, interest or sexual activity (sexuality, n.d). Sex determines what gender traits and behaviors an individual undergoes building up relationships and establish their human development. In today’s society sex has become a significant factor in development. It is established at the beginning of life which are affected by genetic factors. Considering the Bronfenbrenner’s theory, the microsystem of sex starts from birth. Microsystem consist of the immediate environment a child is confronted with (Berk, 2013, p.20). A child is born and right from the start his family members establish his sex role. If he is a boy, the family has already established that he will use the color blue to distinguish him from his environment. According to Freud’s theory child’s id, ego and superego regarding child’s sexual needs are constructed by…

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