Ecological Model And The Political Economy Essay

2524 Words 11 Pages
Register to read the introduction… Ecological model and the political economy perspectives: The ecological model is base in Darwin's evolution theory, it primarily portrays the competition concentrated in urban areas. This model is similar to the theory”survival of the fittest” in which different groups compete for space. It deals with the relationship between humans and humans institutions as well as the settings and the social class among others influence within an environment. Each person is directly influenced by the environment surrounding them, which sets a series of interactions between the individual and his/her social environment. The urban ecology model is examines the independence and interdependent that every group has with the environment and the patterns of behaviors of each of them. This model examines the interactions of different groups between the various environments, and how these group maintained the social system specially how the economical influence on the social environment. I this model what sets the development of a city is not so much a consequence of planning but rather the economical competition in each area. This competition among groups changes an area through the “ecological processes of invasion, succession and segregation of new groups” …show more content…
Palen argues that there are six factors that cause the suburban growth; First government programs such as the FHA and the VA subsidize the suburban growth. The veterans returning from war took advantage of the programs, masses of middle class families moved from rural areas to the suburbs. Second, the government financed metropolitan expressway construction, which made it easier for people to travel between their new suburban home and the big city. Third, since cities had no space for annexation, the new construction would have to be outside the city skirts increasing the suburban area. Fourth, the price of properties in the suburban areas were less compare to those of the city. Fifth, since many families saw the opportunity to live in the suburbs a “marry boom” and a “baby boom” occurred after the war. Sixth, the desired of people to live in a more open space. (122-224). Palen stated that while suburbia originated by the 19th century transportation innovations and by the “white fly” from urban areas, suburbanization in the United States exploded during the post-World War II economic expansion. Levittown a suburb areas was developed as a model community, the many amenities that the new suburbs offer and the great profit that developers gain led to a mass-production of housing. At the same time, the availability of better jobs and educational opportunities, stimulated the new arrival of immigrants and people coming from the South. This caused the city to become

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