Ecological Approach In Islamophobia

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Islamophobia presents a major problem in the world today and needs to be addressed by researchers, politicians, and social activism. Following all levels of the ecological model can provide appropriate groundwork for a well rounded analysis for combating the effects of racism and anti-Muslim sentiment. Ranging from macrosystem, exosystem, mesosystem, microsystem, to the individual levels, the ecological approach systematic tackles the varying perspectives and contexts affecting discrimination. The macrosystem represents the overall ideologies and attitudes held by a society or culture, and are influenced by all of the other levels of the ecological model. Specific contexts to this level include socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and the level …show more content…
The individual plays the most valuable role in preventing the growth of Islamophobia because ultimately, all of the other structures, whether a family unit or government agency, are made up of individuals. The structures of education, government, health, and law can adapt to the agency of individuals who promote positive change if understood properly. This is why it is important for everyone to understand what discrimination, stereotyping, and prejudice are and the consequences they carry. Research has suggested effective ways to avoid the negative aspects of prejudice, such as: disengaging from negative feedback; members of minority groups comparing their outcomes with members of their in-group and not to the out-group; intentionally focusing on dimensions of group characteristics that are positive; and that minorities can increase their identification with their in-group as means to increase self esteem (Sanderson & Safdar, 2012). A study by Harris and Fiske found that if individuals perceive a person to belong to a group that is low in warmth and competence, regions of the brain that show disgust are activated (2006). Dehumanizing of groups and individuals such as Muslims is an ongoing problem that needs to be addressed as recent studies show Islamophobia having a reactive co-radicalization effect (Pratt, 2015). In other words, the radicalization of extremist Muslim actions is creating a counter culture of reactive extremism; this reactive extremism is damaging to the cause of reducing anti-Muslim sentiment. Again, the most effective way to combat this is through education and the spread of appropriate knowledge to individuals and groups in

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