Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path To Real Reform

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As Eden explained, Ebenezer Howard has stated that he had combined three projects to create his scheme of Garden city (Eden, 1947). These projects are the proposal for organized migratory movement of population by Edward Gibbon Wakefield and Professor Alfred Marshall; the proposal for land tenure system by Thomas Spence and Herbert Spencer; and the model city called Victoria by James Silk Buckingham. This idea can be supported by Batchelor as he noted that Ebenezer Howard wrote his proposal for the establishment of garden cities in Tomorrow: A Peaceful path to Real Reform he had synthesized more than one hundred years of writing, thinking postulating and experimenting by others on the creation of new communities (Batchelor, 1969). Similarly, …show more content…
The book contained a detailed proposal for the establishment of a self sufficient towns of 32,000 people and laid down all the financial arrangements required the realization of the proposal.
Howard had worked out also a detailed structure of the local government and a regional network of garden cities (Batchelor, 1969).
Howard's garden city was conceived as answer to the problems: the encroachment of contemporary cities on adjacent rural areas; the drift of agricultural population to large urban centers and the subsequent decline of rural life; the growth of slums in large cities and the ensuing overcrowding; the fluctuation of economic activity particularly in the agricultural sector of the economy; the growth of land values without benefit to the community; the exclusion of the benefit of city life from residents of rural areas, and vice versa; and the unsanitary conditions of life in contemporary metropolises (Batchelor, 1969).
The town with a population of 32,000 was to be built on an estate held in trust for the benefit of the residents, planned and residential development, recreational open space, civic and commercial buildings, schools and churches and a planned industrial estate on the periphery (Miller,
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Howard described his ideal city as a completed and finite entity, but pragmatically stated that his diagrams were not to be taken literally and that the actual plan must be depend upon the selection of a specific site (Miller, 1983).
Howard had indicated that the smaller towns could have some degree of functional specialization but the central city would provide high degree of cultural and specialized commercial functions found only in large cities (Batchelor, 1969). The three general ideas particularly relevant to the garden city are the notion of self-sufficiency, the agricultural belt or green belt, and public ownership of

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