Early Parent Child Relationship Essay

755 Words 4 Pages
What is the relationship between early parent-child interactions and the later development of internalizing problems? The types of early-parent child interactions I focused on were parent’s emotional and physical maltreatment of their children. I also looked at the importance of attachment, the lifelong emotional bond between infants and their mothers or other caregivers formed during the first six months of life, and the different types of early parent-child attachment styles (Griggs, 2014, p. 298). There are four different attachment styles. The first, secure attachment, is the type of attachment indicated by the infant exploring freely in the presence of the mother, but displaying distress when the mother leaves, and responding enthusiastically …show more content…
Lecompte et al. (2014) explain that insecure attachment is a risk factor for later development of anxiety and/or depression. Insecurely-attached children are twice as likely to develop later internalizing problems, than securely-attached children. Of the insecure attachments, children of insecure-disorganized attachment have a higher risk of later internalizing problems. This research only concluded that insecure early parent-child attachment results in the surfacing of later internalizing problems by the time of preadolescence, however internalizing problems during adolescence have also been studied. Jakobsen, Horwood, and Fergusson (2012) research results showed that it is possible to trace association between insecure early parent child attachments and internalizing problems in adolescence and adulthood such as anxiety and depression. Early parent-child interactions and their influence on the later development of internalizing problems particularly in adulthood, was also examined. Riggs and Kaminski (2010) explain that early parent-child interactions impact individual development and interpersonal relationships throughout the life cycle. Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991) found that if the child interacts with a sensitive and available parent early on, it can lead to positive expectations of

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