EMDR Case Study

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After the client has been desensitized, installation (phase five) takes place. During installation, the client learns to think with positive cognition (McGuire, Lee & Drummond, 2014). Although the client has encountered and learned to think positively during the desensitization phase, he/she needs to understand the importance of positive cognition. Statements like “I did the best I could” are typically seen during this phase. Following this is the body scan phase, which shows the progress of the client, and what work he/she still has left to do. Bilateral stimulation is still used in this phase and the client talks about the trauma again, but has to include positive cognition. He/she focuses on new disturbing physical sensations and works to …show more content…
One study concluded that the earlier the patient begins EMDR treatment, the more effective it was (Edmond, Rubin & Wambach, 1999). It also stated that patients who received this type of treatment, in comparison to delayed individualized treatment or none at all, improved significantly more than patients in other groups. Although it seems as though EMDR is effective across the board with men and women or all ages, it is still a new and upcoming therapy that is still in progress of being …show more content…
One study tested the effectiveness of the dual-attention tasks by having two groups of participants with negative autobiographical memories (Schubert, Lee & Drummond, 2011). One group was treated with EMDR-without the eye movements and the other group was treated with EMDR-with the eye movements. The researchers found that in a single session, participants treated with EMDR-with eye movements improved significantly more than those treated with EMDR-without eye movements. The heart rate and skin conductance decreased when doing the eye movements. Also, the orienting response was more frequent in the EMDR-with eye movements group. However, another study was conducted with similar varibales, but the results were completely different. It stated that the eye movements were ineffective and that people improved more without the eye movements (Foley & Spates, 1995). In conclusion, EMDR is effective, but it is still debated on whether the eye movements were necessary or

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