E. B. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

970 Words 4 Pages
Operant conditioning is a way of regulating behavior through rewards or punishment. American Psychologist B.F Skinner developed the concept of operant conditioning. The term operant was chosen to describe behavior of an organism (SITE). According to Skinner operant behavior occurs spontaneously and the consequences that follow that behavior determine if it will be repeated. E.L Thorndike, also a Psychologist was the first to develop the power of consequences with the law of effect. The law of effect states that behavior followed by a pleasant consequence is likely to be repeated where as a behavior followed by an unpleasant consequence will not be repeated. (SITE MAYBE).
Reinforcement and punishment are two key components in operant conditioning.
…show more content…
Positive punishment occurs by giving a negative consequence after an undesired behavior, which lessens the chance of the behavior happening again. Negative punishment happens when a desired incentive is removed after an undesired behavior, again decreasing the likelihood of the behavior happening in the future. Operant conditioning learning is a form of teaching that I have begun to use with my seven year old daughter. When I started using this method it was subconsciously. My daughter would bring home words to prepare for a spelling test that her teacher would give every Friday and because she’s seven, she would never really take the studying seriously. She would laugh, make jokes, and interrupt with stories of things that happened during the school day. It wasn’t until I started using positive reinforcements, a form of operant conditioning, which means telling her that if she could get all of her spelling words right that I would buy her the toy that she had been asking for or let her choose whatever she wanted to eat on Friday, that is when she started to really focus and try her hardest while we were practicing for her actual spelling …show more content…
In this stage children begin to repeat their world with words, images, and drawings. Children in this stage are more skilled and able to think faster than a child in the sensorimotor stage. Children also go through an egocentrism state of mind during this stage which means that the child cannot put themselves in someone else’s shoes but can only see things from their point of view, which makes it hard for them to understand what Piaget calls reversibility and conservation, a belief in permanence of certain attributes of objects despite superficial

Related Documents