What Is Dyslexia?

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What is dyslexia?
Children with dyslexia have difficulty deciphering, reading, and understanding reading information; these in turn cause them to have difficulty with reading and writing tasks. (Cordón, 2005; Sternberg, 2009).
Dyslexia is a learning disability (LD). It is characterized by a considerable difference between an individual’s general intelligence and his/her language skills, typically affecting academically performance, (Slap, 2001).
A common myth is that children with dyslexia reverse letters and numbers or see them backwards. However, these reversals are common in all children and are a normal process of non-dyslexic children development as well, (Cordón, 2005).

US Stats
One out of five people have a type of learning
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Types of dyslexia:
• Developmental dyslexia: is the most known. It is characterized by having difficulty reading. It usually starts during childhood and normally prolongs throughout adulthood. It is believed that have both genetic and environmental causes.
• Acquired dyslexia: it is usually caused by a traumatic brain damage, (Sternberg, 2009).
Brain processes that might be impaired in a child with dyslexia:
• Phonological awareness: o This refers to the awareness of spoken language sound structure. o For example a child might say “goa” instead of “goat”.
• Phonological reading: o This refers to having difficulty reading words in isolation.
• Phonological coding in working memory: o This denotes to recalling (remember) strings of phonemes
• Lexical access difficulty: o This refers to the one’s ability to recall phonemes information from long-term memory, (Sternberg, 2009).

Common characteristics of children with learning disabilities (including dyslexia):
Have trouble learning and need more time to understand assigned tasks.
They have difficulty following written directions, (NICHCY, 2011; Semrud-Clikeman, 2005).
They make many mistakes when
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People with LD are susceptible to have depression, (Smith, 2002).
What can you do as a parent?
If you notice that your child is failing at school, and if he/she shows some of the aforementioned characteristics, asked for a meeting with his/her school teachers, (NICHCY, 2011; Perez, 2013).
Get your child properly assessed by a certified school psychologist.
If your child is not diagnosed with LD, but you still have doubts, get another evaluation by another psychologist (it is possible that you might have to pay for it), (NICHCY, 2011).
The school will take provisions for your child 's special education. Meet with the individualized education program (IEP) team to review your child’s educational and social goals, and the strategies that would be implemented, (NICHCY, 2011; Perez, 2013).
Keep a good communication with the professionals involved with your child.
Learned as much as you can from LD, (NICHCY, 2011).
If your child is not doing well at school (academically or socially), consider an alternative educational program that have been proven to be

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