Durkheim Positivism And The Study Of Sociology Essay
(1)INTRODUCTION: David Emile Durkheim was a French Sociologist born in 1858 in Epinal ,France. He was a pioneer in the field of sociology and considered as one of the founder of modern sociology .His works were focused on the study of society and social life. He analysed the ways in which a society and its various branches and sub branches works.His famous work includes , The Division of Labour in Society ( 1893) ,The Rules of Sociological Method (1895), Sucide : A Study in Sociology (1897), & The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life (1912). (1)
Durkheim wanted sociology to be studied as an independent academic discipline. His important concept includes that society is a sui generis reality which means that reality of society is unique to itself and which can not be reduced to its composing part.In order to study or understand this reality of society one has to do in sociological term and not any thing other. He further claimed on the basis of above mentioned concept of society that society can be studied scientifically.
As mentioned above that according to Durkheim the reality of society is sui generis which means “unique” and it can be studied scientifically. To establish sociology as…