Dunlin Research Paper

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If you spot clouds of bird flashing between brilliant white and darker color as they swirl back and forth near the complex, then you have just witnessed the dance of dunlin. Dunlin (Calidris alpina), also known as red-backed Sandpiper is a shorebird about the size of a sanderling that are found around the world. Dunlin breeds across the coastal area of both North America and Eurasia, and they winter along coasts around the northern Hemisphere (Pough 2003). Dunlin can be seen in all three refuges on the Complex at a suitable habitat. The natural habitats of dunlin consist of coastal mudflats or sandy beaches (Pattern 2003).
Dunlin is in the family of Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes), which have small to medium sized shorebirds and live in various type of wetland habitats. The genus of dunlin is Calidrids, which are a group of Arctic-breeding birds with relatively short billed (Pattern 2003). The genus Calidrids also includes Great knot (Calidris tenuirostris), Red knot (Calidris canutus), Sanderling (Calidris alba), Semipalmated sandpiper (Calidris pusilla), Western sandpiper (Calidris mauri), Red-necked stint
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Suitable region for dunlin to breeds is in the Arctic and sub-Arctic, which favors the wet tundra around the North Pole. Dunlin spends the winter months along the seacoasts from Europe to tropical Africa and parts of America. In the summer, migrant of dunlin take place from Southampton Island to West Alaska and south to North Manitoba, South Mackenzie, and Yukon delta. In winter dunlin can occur from New Jersey and British Columbia south along the coast of Florida, Texas, and Lower California, and along the Pacific coastal area. Dunlin can also be found in East of the Mississippi, especially around the Great Lakes (Pough 2003). Dunlin can be found in the wetland of all three refuges of the Complex, but it might not be visible from the nature trail or the observation

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