There are several types of dual relationships that can cause ethical problems between therapists and clients. Not all dual relationships have to be between a therapist and a client: it can involve friends, relatives, peers, local communities, etc. A dual relationship is when a therapist assumes multiple roles with a client. Dual relationships occur when: (Thoma and Houser, 2013, pgs 26, 113, 180, 119)
- The relationship takes place simultaneously between the therapist and client.
- There are intentions to enter into a closer relationship in the future
- The relationship extends to others closely connected to the client
There are also several issues surrounding financial boundaries such as making arrangements for …show more content…
This should result in their clients feeling like they are able to explore resolving their own issues (infed.org, retrieved September 23, 2017).
Discuss at length what makes a competent counselor.
Counselors should continuously focus on learning through education, experience, their colleagues, and self-reflection. Everyone situation is different and counselors can only be effective if they have the knowledge-bank to be able to determine the appropriate course of action when the answers are not clearly evident. Being a competent counselor does not mean that they have to be well known but they have to maintaining competency and continuously strive to keep their skills current or ahead of their peers to include seeking feedback consistently.
A competent counselor is effective at instilling hope in others, establishing achievable goals, judiciously using evidence-based methods, maximizing change opportunities, and facilitating treatment and adherence to treatment plans (Counseling.org, retrieved September 24, …show more content…
They should value and be sensitive to culture and diversity in their approach. Diversity includes personal perspectives of the patient and being respectful toward those opinions. Competency goes beyond knowledge but requires on-going self-evaluation and awareness on the part of the counselor. They must have values and be aware of cultural sensitivities and biases. Competent counselors apply these factors into their understanding of how such factors affect their ability to support clients. Counselors should keep updated and informed with new resources that support multicultural counseling in order to respond to behavioral and health