Drought In West Africa Essay

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The Sahelian region comprises of countries such as Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Chad, Eritrea, Mauritania, Chad and Niger. Natural disasters such as floods and drought, animal diseases have been more frequent in West Africa (Barnabas, Jager, & Feher 2008). People living in this region have been suffering a lot. These disasters tend to bring about poverty, food insecurity, child malnutrition, conflicts, lack of basic services, poor governance and political instability, and weak economies dependent on donors and other international government and non-governmental organizations. All these conditions lead to poor developments, for instance, as of 2010, all the countries in this region were known to have lower levels of human development with the exception …show more content…
Drought aggravates degradation of the environment through the effects of ecosystem and climate such as deforestation, soil erosion, water pollution, and loss of bio-diversity. Social effects of drought include reduced water supplies which cause health and sanitation diseases, especially for vulnerable groups of the society which are women and children. Drought also has adverse effects on the prevalence of diseases. For example, in 1991-1992, there was an acute drought in Mozambique, which caused a severe outbreak of cholera and …show more content…
This program is aimed at ensuring that effective and efficient resources are made available to the affected areas and devising national plans of action (African Union 2004). The program works in conjunction with the United Nation agencies and the African national governments to underline the importance of protecting and investing in food and agriculture in the entire Africa. All this is done as concerted efforts, including other bodies such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the World Food Programme (WFP), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IRRC), the office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and many other stakeholders located in the African region especially West Africa. The DRM strategy emphasizes on increased food supply to areas affected by drought, minimize hunger as well as improve food emergency responses (Hinson,

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