Driving Simulation

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Survey
Two hundred and thirty two people participated in the survey. Based on answers obtained, 80% of the participants reported text driving for more than 3 years, 13% with 1 to 3 years of texting experience; and the rest with less than 1 year. Moreover, 30% of participant’s vehicles have an integrated hands-free feature for smartphones. Approximately, the half of them admitted using hand-held texting while driving, 40% have used both forms of texting, and the rest have used hands-free texting while driving. It’s worth noting that 90% of the participants agreed that any form of texting while driving has negative or very adverse effects on their performance. However, nearly 35% of them reported that they still frequently or very frequently do text driving.
Driving Simulation Experiment
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The results were analyzed using the ANOVA (with 95% confidence level) procedure and the results are explained below (Table 6). Among all three main factors, the form of texting, hand-held and hands-free, was significant with a p-value < 0.0001. Moreover, as figure 2 shows, hands-free text driving caused significantly less distraction compared to hand-held text driving. The other main factor that was significantly affecting drivers’ performance was response mode (p-value = 0.024). Drivers had better performance in read-only than response-required response mode (Figure 2). It is worth noting that the text complexity factor appears to be marginally significant (p-value = 0.059). In addition, there were only one two-way significant interaction effects between the response mode and texting form factors as shown in figure

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