Drinking Water: The Benefits Of Sanitizing Water

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Water has proven to be essential to everyday lives; yet many individuals in the world lack access to clean water. People need water to survive because this resource provides many benefits in keeping the human body vigorous. Benefits that comes to drinking water is that it helps maintain the balance of bodily fluids (Zelman). A study shows that the human body is composed of 60% of water, in which it helps in digesting,absorbing, or preserving normal body temperature.Other benefits that are included in water is that it helps energize the muscles or maintaining the skin (Zelman). However, not many people are blessed with access to sanitize water for their everyday use. An estimated 768 million people lack access to clean water, and about 185 million …show more content…
Water-related diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhoea,etc... affect more than 1.5 billions of people every year causing blindness to the eye, permanent disfigurement, or even death (WHO 2015). The solution to this problem would be an improve drinking-water source that gives the possibilities of proper sanitation and hygiene to prevent water-related diseases from developing, but the question is- how are we able to provide easy access to adequate water without having it to cost so much?
Methods of sanitizing water have been around for many years.The earliest filtration methods for purifying water went back to 2000 BCE when early Sanskrit writings, called the Sus’ruta Samhita, provided a simple outline of how to purify water; which is either boiling or placing hot metal instruments in the water before drinking it (H.O.W.F.). The reason behind this method is to eliminate bacteria that are formed in that water. Not only was this method effective in eliminating several cases of water-related diseases, but it was also the simplest and easiest method of disinfecting. Cleansing water by boiling it was the only efficient method to use, due to lack of modern-day technologies that could be used to enhance the quality of that water
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After many years of experimental investigations in water filtration, the introduction of municipal water treatment was created to provide a whole community with clean water. The first municipal water system was created in ancient Rome. Romans created aqueducts to bring a constant flow of water into cities or towns, which was mostly use at that time for private households, public bathing, or fountains (Cartwright2012). After the introduction of aqueducts as the first municipal water treatment, years later the first citywide municipal water treatment plant was installed in Paisley, Scotland (H.O.W.F) (Bakers & Taras1981). This plant provided cleansed water to every household in the city. However, the water treatment plant depended on sand filters that was designed by Robert Thom, a Scottish scientist. From this, scientists have come up with many improved methods of filtration such as chlorinating the water to prevent modern-day pathogens or by using UV radiation to provide rapid filtration of water (Smee2013) that can benefit a lot of people . In today society, water purification is most critical in third-world countries such as China, Nigeria, India, etc... It has been reported by UNICEF organization that about two-thirds of the global population live without access to purified water (UNICEF).Only 55 percent of those using improved water sources had piped water (UNICEF) which

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