Drinking During Pregnancy Essay

1428 Words 6 Pages
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence believe that there is confusion about drinking during pregnancy. (British Medical Association. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders London: BMA, 200) Fetal alcohol disorders may occur in women who consume alcohol any time during pregnancy. Such as still birth, miscarriages, low birth weight babies and infertility are effects of drinking while pregnant. (Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Alcohol consumption and the outcomes of pregnancyLondon: RCOG, 2006) Alcohol is a tetragons, which is something that harms the baby. The developing baby doesn’t have a blood filtration system, its unprotected from the alcohol in the blood stream. However, the amount of damage depends on the …show more content…
Some researchers performed experiments on animals and concluded that small amounts of alcohol can cause damage to the central nervous system. (Mukherjee RAS, Hollnis S, Turk J. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: an overview. J R Soc Med 2006;99:298-302) Another study was done on 6-7 year olds that proved their behavior was related to low levels of prenatal alcohol consumption. Further more, researches also found that alcohol causes the fetuses breathing to rapidly decrease. (. Akay M, Mulder EJH. Investigating the effect of maternal alcohol intake on human fetal breathing rate using adaptive time-frequency analysis methods. Early Hum Dev 1996;46:153-64) Studies also show that these problems, such as the child’s mental heath, are more sever if the alcohol consumption was during the first trimester. (Sayal K, Heron J, Golding J. Prenatal alcohol exposure and gender differences in childhood mental health problems: longitudinal population-based study. Paediatrics 2007;119:426-34.) This is because sometimes not all women know they are pregnant and consume large amounts of alcohol and other tetragons. If a women knows she is pregnant or feel like she might become pregnant, the best thing to do is stay away from alcohol completely. Even if you hear drinking one glass of wine before bed wont harm the baby, its better to be safe than …show more content…
This can cause children to be treated different weather they should be or not. ( Aase JM, Jones KL, Clarren SK. Do we need the term “FAE”? Pediatrics. 1995;95:428–430.) Because of the confusion people at one point wanted to completely get rid of the diagnosis. However, researches became more specific and clear in determining the disorder. They discovered children don’t have to have one syndrome, but everyone to be diagnosed. ( Aase JM, Jones KL, Clarren SK. Do we need the term “FAE”? Pediatrics. 1995;95:428–430.) The criteria they came up with is to vague however, because it was invented in 1996. Because of this Astley and Clarren (Astley SJ, Clarren SK. Diagnosing the full spectrum of fetal alcohol-exposed individuals: introducing the 4-digit diagnostic code. Alcohol Alcohol. 2000;35:400–410.) came up with the Washington Criteria which was published in 2000. Growth deficiency, characteristic FAS facial phenotype, central nervous system damage/dysfunction, and alcohol exposure in utero were some major aspects they took in count. Then they rank the child from 1-4 depending on how severe their disorder is. (Astley SJ, Clarren SK. Diagnosing the full spectrum of fetal alcohol-exposed individuals: introducing the 4-digit diagnostic code. Alcohol Alcohol.

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