General Principle B. Solo Is A Violation Of APA Ethics

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Dr. Solo’s research violates several APA ethics codes as well as infringes on all of the APA General Principles in some manner. Dr. Solo had not done any research since many years earlier while he was in graduate school. It was also during that time, many years ago, that he developed a research protocol for measuring treatment results. Therefore, due to his lack of current knowledge of test design, Dr. Solo is in violation of APA ethics code 9.5 Test Construction. Psychologists who develop tests and other assessments are to use current scientific or professional knowledge for test design. Dr Solo’s failure to adhere to this standard subsequently puts him in violation of APA ethics code 9.8 Obsolete Tests and Outdated Test Results, which states …show more content…
Solo is using his clients as participants in his research study. This is a violation of APA General Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility. According to General Principle B, psychologists are to clarify their professional roles and obligations and to seek to mange conflicts of interest that could lead to exploitation or harm. Dr. Solo’s use of his clients as research participants is definitely a conflict of interest. Dr. Solo’s professional role with his clients is at conflict with his scientific role as a researcher. Therefore, the research as well as Dr. Solo’s motives for research could impair his objectivity, or effectiveness in performing his job as a therapist. This in turn, is a violation of APA ethics code 3.6 Conflict of Interest. However, Dr. Solo can alleviate the violation of this code and principle by simply using participants that he does not have a professional role or relationship with. For instance, Dr. Solo could partner with other psychologist and supervise the efforts of the research and not use his own …show more content…
In doing so, Dr. Solo violated APA General Principle C: Integrity, and Principle E: Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity. Consequently, Dr. Solo did not seek to promote accuracy, honesty, and truthfulness in the science and practice of psychology nor did he respect the rights of his clients to have self determination. As a result, Dr. Solo also violated APA Ethic code 8.2 Informed Consent to Research, 8.4, Client/Patient, Student, And Subordinate Research Participants, 8.5 Dispensing With Informed Consent for Research, and 8.7 deception in Research. Dr. Solo’s failure to obtain informed consent to research denied the participants their right to not only know the purpose of the research, expected duration, and procedures but it also denied them their right to decline participation. As a result, Dr. Solo did not have to take steps to protect the participants from consequences of declining. Dr. Solo should not have dispensed with informed consent because the study was not anonymous and could have been reasonably assumed to possibly cause stress and harm to the participants. Dr. Solo also failed to determine that his use of deception was justified by the study’s scientific, educational, or applied value and that effective non deceptive

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