Essay about Dr. Erikson 's Psychosocial Developmental Theory

1434 Words Jul 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Psychobiography is group within the realms of psychology and biography that analyzes the lives of historically significant individuals through the use of psychological theory and research. Sigmund Freud invented psychobiography, while he was analyzing the psychological elements of Leonardo da Vinci’s creative mind (Kovary, 2011). The goal is to understand individuals and to uncover the private motives behind public acts (Schultz, 2016). A lot of important figures have been subjects for psychobiographical books such as Gandhi, Marilyn Monroe, Abraham Lincoln, and many more. One of the important psychobiography theories is Erik Erikson’s psychosocial developmental theory, which includes eight different stages. Erikson’s theory was influenced by Freud’s psychosexual stages, however they are only compared by the structure and topography of personality (Cloninger, 2012). Erikson emphasized the role of culture, society, and the issues that take place within an individual’s ego. Erikson expands on Freud’s theory by focusing more on the adaptive and creative characteristic of ego development (McLeod, 2013).
Additionally, he expanded on the notion of the stages of personality development to include the entire lifespan, first year of life until old age. Erikson also believed that the adolescent period is a crucial stage to develop an individual’s identity, which needs a great amount of emphasis. The theory follows the epigenic principle, which is the principle for psychosocial…

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