Causes Of Down Syndrome

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Down Syndrome affects physical growth, facial characteristics, and intellect. Also known as Trisomy 21, it is a genetic mutation in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. These chromosomes are rod-like structures where genetic materials are stored and grouped. The nucleus of each cell in the human body contains 23 chromosomes, half, being inherited from each parent. The added chromosome changes the systematic development, affecting not only physical traits but mental as well. Common physical traits are “low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm” (National Down Syndrome Society, 2012).
Although Down Syndrome affects the learning abilities of children differently,
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Classifying Down Syndrome in 1862, he dedicated his studies and researched the disorder, publishing works in 1966 which gave Down Syndrome the recognition it deserved. With the many health risks that come with Down Syndrome, and no cure for the genetic disorder, research is very important. New research can help improve the lifespan and health of those with Down Syndrome, according to The Global Down Syndrome Foundation. “By researching the effects of triplication of chromosome 21 in a large Down Syndrome population base, scientists can more handily help identify the causes of such medical conditions and help identify interventions or cures” (Global Down Syndrome Foundation, 2015). The funded research would help benefit the estimated 50 percent that are born with congenital heart defects, the 70 percent born with sleep apnea, and the 50 percent struggling with early Alzheimer’s …show more content…
Reeves’ goal is to restore the cerebellum’s size with an injection that can stimulate neurodevelopment and cerebellum growth. Using these Down mice as a model, the injections were able to fix the cerebellum.Three months after the treatment, with the fixed cerebellum, the mice were able to learn their way around a water maze, using their memory and learning skills. With this new “pharmaceutical intervention” (Laidman, 2014), people with Down Syndrome can expect to live more independent

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