Down Syndrome: The Major Genetic Causes Of Birth Infants

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Every year an estimated 7.9 million babies are born with serious birth defects. The main genetic causes of birth defects fall into three general categories chromosome abnormalities, single gene defects, and multifactorial influences. Down syndrome is one of them, which is the most common chromosome disorder genetic lead to moderate or severe mental retardation. Down syndrome affecting one in eight hundred infants, the risk of having a child with this condition increases with maternal age rising exponentially after a woman reaches age thirty-five. It happens because of the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21. People who have down syndrome suffer from moderate to severe mental retardation and a wide variety of health problems, including …show more content…
Down syndrome also called trisomy 21 is not an inherited condition. Which refers to the condition of having an extra copy of chromosome 21, meaning three copies, instead of two in each cell. Down syndrome happens when part of chromosome 21becomes attached (translocated) to another chromosome during the formation of reproductive cells (eggs and sperm) in a parent or very early in fetal development. Affected individuals have two normal copies of chromosome two normal copies of chromosome 21 plus extra material from chromosome 21 attached to another chromosome, resulting in three copies of genetic material from chromosome 21. Affected people with this genetic change called to have translocation Down syndrome. Down syndrome is chromosomal abnormalities, infant generally Identifies at birth through observation of a set of common physical characteristics. It is significant to remember that not all babies with Down syndrome will show all of the features discussed. There is great changeability in both the number and severity of characteristics. Infants with Down syndrome tend to be very quiet, les responsive to stimuli, and …show more content…
In addition to hearing, causing delays in language development problems with delay speech can result from cognitive issues such as a short-term memory. They may have vision and hearing issues as well. Down syndrome can lead also to many behavior problems as physical aggression, verbal aggression, self-injury, and pica and property destruction. Every single person with Down syndrome will experience some delay in his or her improvement, and some level of learning difficulty. I remembered my group of Down syndrome patients I had before they were six of them they were so different to one and other. There are however significant differences between individuals. Down syndrome shakes them in so many ways but cannot define their development. . Some of my patients are been classified as high function and low function level because of the active treatment and training the facility provide for them. They are just as everybody else, only the development of a person with Down syndrome is totally influence by the family backgrounds, environment, culture, and

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