Essay on Dove Above

3013 Words Apr 14th, 2014 13 Pages
Hannan, official statistics on employment, divorce etc.
· Outline some of the ways in which cultural deprivation may lead to educational under-achievement for working-class pupils.
10-12 Concepts and issues such as the following may appear: language parental attitudes to education immediate/deferred gratification present-time orientation cultural capital victim-blaming.
Studies may include: Ball, Bereiter and Engelmann, Bernstein, Bourdieu, Douglas, Gewirtz, Hyman, Keddie, Labov, Marsland, Mortimore and Whitty, Murray, Reay, Sugarman, Sullivan, Troyna and Williams.

20 mark questions
· Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the main function of the education system is to
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· Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the importance of cultural factors in causing social class differences in educational achievement. 16-20 Concepts and issues such as the following may appear: norms and values; deferred and immediate gratification; individualism and collectivism; fatalism and achievement-orientation; restricted and elaborated speech codes; parental support and encouragement; educational play and stimulation; attitudes to education and the labour market; cultural and linguistic deprivation; cultural capital; primary socialisation; poverty and material deprivation; labelling, streaming and the self-fulfilling prophecy; pupil subcultures.
Studies may include: Ball; Becker; Bereiter and Engelmann; Bernstein; Bernstein and Young; Blackstone and Mortimore; Douglas; Feinstein; Hyman; Keddie; Sugarman.
· Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that factors and processes within the school are the main cause of differences in the educational achievement of different social groups.
16-20 Concepts and issues such as the following may appear: labelling; self-concept; self-fulfilling prophecy; streaming; high and low status knowledge; the A*-C economy; educational triage; pro- and anti-school

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