Domestic Violence : Psychological Theory, Culture, And Health
Amy E. Contreras
California State University, Long Beach
Introduction There are a variety of factors that contribute into defining domestic violence. These factors can include physical assault, sexual assault, emotional and psychological abuse, and/or any other action that can be used by a spouse or partner to control or have power over the other person in the relationship. Domestic violence can be explained through psychological theories, such as learning theories and sex-role theory; it affects a person’s health, and culture can influence domestic violence. This paper will focus on the social science, applied science, and diversity disciplines; with a psychological, health science, and cultural perspective on domestic abuse.
Psychological Perspective There are a variety of different psychological theories that try and tackle the issue of domestic abuse. There are theories that have focused on learning behavior, genetics, personality traits, and psychopathology as interpretations for domestic abuse (Bevan & Higgins, 2002). The focus of this section of the paper will be on learning theory. A learning theory approach suggests that human beings imitate behavior that has been exposed to them. Witnessing or experiencing domestic abuse can often lead a person to become abusers themselves. There is learning at play when being exposed to domestic abuse. In some instances, children who witness abuse…