Do You Agree with the View That the Sino-Soviet Split Was Caused Primarily by the Political Rivalry of Khrushchev and Mao?

1719 Words Apr 18th, 2013 7 Pages
Do you agree with the view that the Sino Soviet Split was caused primarily by the political rivalry of Khrushchev and Mao?
The Sino Soviet split occurred largely due to the ideological issues that Mao and Khrushchev had, having vastly opposite ideas on the nature of Revolutions. However, through this you largely see the clash of their personalities and how they differed vastly seen through the Soviet speech in which Khrushchev seriously offended Mao by announcing de-Stalinisation. National security was the basis of much strain as neither country felt safe mainly due to the advancement of nuclear weapons. Both countries had many attempts in order to gain stability ahead of the other such as the Korean War, where the USSR forced Mao to pay
…show more content…
In 1958 Mao attempted his own revolution, however his new agricultural methods such as backyard furnaces failed and 14-30 million peasants died. Mao viewed some of Khrushchev’s decisions as flawed too, for example his policy of “peaceful coexistence” with the USA. Mao saw this as selling out to capitalism, and due to decisions like this he found himself superior to Khrushchev. Additionally to this, Khrushchev’s previous secret speech in 1956 further demonstrates how vastly different their ideologies were. In the speech Khrushchev criticised Stalin’s control and insulted Mao through this, he also criticised Mao for splitting the communist movement and therefore helping capitalists. Thus, in the context of the Sino-Soviet Split, ideological views were substantial in the breakdown of relations, as they were the most obvious and large difference in both leaders’ approaches, the communist party is said to believe that this is where the split began.
Additionally to the demonstration of ideological differences, Khrushchev’s Secret Speech also showed crucial dissimilarities in the Personalities of both Khrushchev and Mao. Mao took the Secret speech as a personal attack as through criticising Stalin, Khrushchev was criticising Mao and his policies. Albania in 1961 became a source of rifts through the changes in the USSR’s policies. Khrushchev criticised this country for her Stalinist regime and

Related Documents